Update, Conclusions, and Recommendations for “Water Resources Quality and Management in Baltic Sea Countries”

  • Abdelazim M. NegmEmail author
  • El-Sayed E. Omran
  • Katarzyna Kubiak-Wójcicka
  • Martina Zelenakova
Part of the Springer Water book series (SPWA)


This chapter sheds light on the book’s main findings and recommendations of the chapters presented in the book. In addition, an update is made from the recent published results of research work on quality and management of water resources in Baltic Sea Countries. Additionally, a set of recommendations for future research work is pointed out to direct future research towards water resources in Baltic Sea Countries. Additionally, we added a special chapter to the conclusions section on “ Estonian Wetlands and the Water Framework Directive” due to its uniqueness nature.


Water resources Management Contaminant Groundwater Constructed wetlands Water bodies Baltic Sea countries Latvia Germany Russia Estonia Water quality 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdelazim M. Negm
    • 1
    Email author
  • El-Sayed E. Omran
    • 2
    • 3
  • Katarzyna Kubiak-Wójcicka
    • 4
  • Martina Zelenakova
    • 5
  1. 1.Water and Water Structures Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt
  2. 2.Soil and Water Department, Faculty of AgricultureSuez Canal UniversityIsmailiaEgypt
  3. 3.Institute of African Research and Studies, Nile Basin Countries. Aswan UniversityAswanEgypt
  4. 4.Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management, Department of Hydrology and Water ManagementNicolaus Copernicus UniversityToruńPoland
  5. 5.Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil EngineeringTechnical University in KošiceKošiceSlovakia

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