Diagnostic Tests for Concussion

  • Alan ShahtajiEmail author
  • Samuel Galloway
  • Laura Murphy


A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury that is a clinical diagnosis, relying on a combination of symptoms and objective findings. Understanding available diagnostic tests for the sideline and office setting is critical for primary care clinicians. Each concussion and each patient are unique; therefore having a wide range of diagnostic tests is necessary to detect deficits in different domains. Primary care clinicians and qualified healthcare professionals evaluating concussions can utilize this information to develop their armamentarium for concussion diagnosis and management. This chapter features a case-based approach to cover a wide range of diagnostic tests encompassing symptom scores, Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC), balance testing, vestibular ocular motor screen (VOMS), eye-tracking tests and devices, Sports Concussion Assessment Tool 5 (SCAT5) and Pediatric SCAT5, orthostatic vital signs, and Buffalo Treadmill Test. After an introduction to these diagnostic tests, the evidence supporting their use is presented.


Diagnostic test Concussion Balance testing VOMS SCAT5 Orthostatic vitals 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Family Medicine and Public HealthUniversity of California at San DiegoSan DiegoUSA

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