Logistics and Operations Analysis for the Military
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As described in Sect. 1.5 of the Introduction, we present in this chapter theoretical contributions made in the areas of inventory control, readiness evaluation of big military units, and reliability of items entering a wear out phase. The inventory control study served the needs of naval applications in the 60s and the 70s. Inventory systems today are based on computer control and on fast delivery. What is described here might not be applicable in modern times, but might be of historical interest. We start with one-echelon inventory system and then proceed to two-echelon systems. Before we start with the inventory control theory, we introduce the scenario. The stock of the customer (a ship or a submarine) consists of a large number of items. Each item requires its specific demand analysis. The theory presented in this chapter discusses a special case of discrete variables, which present the number of items consumed between replenishments. The theory for continuous demand variables (fluids) can be modified appropriately.
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