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Pyrolytic Products from Oil Palm Biomass and Its Potential Applications

  • Khoirun Nisa Mahmud
  • Zainul Akmar ZakariaEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Applied Environmental Science and Engineering for a Sustainable Future book series (AESE)

Abstract

Lignocellulosic biomass has been recognized as a sustainable feedstock for the production of renewable energy and bio-products. Various technologies including biochemical and thermochemical have been developed and applied for the conversion of the oil palm biomass. Thermochemical processes (i.e., combustion, pyrolysis, gasification, and liquefaction) could be the more economically feasible option to convert the lignocellulosic biomass quickly with lower cost compared to biochemical process due to high recalcitrant level of lignocellulosic biomass toward microbial degradation. Pyrolysis is one of the predominant technologies for lignocellulosic biomass conversion into valuable end products. This chapter provides an overview on the palm oil industry, oil palm biomass and current management scenario, pyrolysis process, parameters that influence the pyrolysis process, and the effect of these parameters on the pyrolysis product yield. The potential applications of pyrolytic products from oil palm biomass were also comprehensively addressed.

Keywords

Oil palm Biomass Pyrolysis Biochar Bio-oil Pyroligneous acid 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors would like to thank Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) for the GUP grant (20H41) and the Ministry of Education, Malaysia, for the FRGS grant (4F994) and the MyPhD scholarship to Khoirun Nisa Mahmud.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaJohor BahruMalaysia

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