Establishment of Problem E-learning Behavior Scale

  • Junyi Zheng
  • Wenhui PengEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1126)


Problem e-learning behavior exists commonly among learners, which affects the performance of online learning seriously. Therefore, it is meaningful to monitor and evaluate whether online learners have learning behavior problems. This paper designs a scale of e-learning behavior to evaluate the behavioral problems of online learners. Firstly, the connotation of problem e-learning behavior is discussed. Secondly, the various manifestations of problem e-learning behavior are summarized and classified into five dimensions: learning escape, behavior deficiency, behavior misconduct, improper learning time arrangement and negative emotional disclosure. Finally, the scale of e-learning behavior is developed by way of standard method of the development of psychological scale. The scale is proved to be reasonable by large scale measurement, confirmatory factor analysis and reliability and validity analysis.


Online learning Problem e-learning behavior Scale Establishment of scale 



This work was supported by NSFC of China [NO.61977036].


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Copyright information

© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Electronic EngineeringWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.School of Educational Information TechnologyCentral China Normal UniversityWuhanChina

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