Production of Unicellular Biomass as a Food Ingredient from Agro-Industrial Waste

  • Hugo Adrián Luna-García
  • José L. Martínez-Hernández
  • Anna Ilyina
  • E. Patricia Segura-Ceniceros
  • Cristóbal N. Aguilar
  • Janeth M. Ventura-Sobrevilla
  • Adriana C. Flores-Gallegos
  • Mónica L. Chávez-GonzálezEmail author
Part of the Applied Environmental Science and Engineering for a Sustainable Future book series (AESE)


Humanity has been used microbial biomass for food production and now; for biofuels, drugs, and other useful compounds. Different microorganisms are employed in the production of biomass ranging from bacteria, yeast, fungi, and algae which are used to produce food, bioactive compounds, enzymes, hydrolysates, among others. Due to the accelerated population growth in the world and the need to meet its nutritional requirements, the search for alternatives that help to solve this social problem is one of the most pressing tasks.

Several studies have demonstrated the nutritional value of microbial biomass related to a high protein content, an excellent source of vitamins and minerals necessary for a quality diet. The production of unicellular biomass has been carried out through submerged and solid-state fermentations. For the production of biomass, the design of various culture media has been considered, where different sources of carbon, nitrogen, pH, and aeration level have been some of the evaluated variables that favor the yields of protein production. The use of various agro-industrial waste as carbon source in the biomass production could contribute in solving a problem of accumulation of waste causing soil contamination. This chapter describes the state of the art of unicellular biomass production, microorganisms used, types of fermentation, carbon sources used, agro-industrial residues used as substrate, characteristics of biomass produced and other related topics.


Unicellular biomass Microbial protein Agro-industrial waste Fermentation 



The authors like to gratefully acknowledge Mexican Council of Science and Technology (CONACYT) for the financial support of scholarship of HALG.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hugo Adrián Luna-García
    • 1
    • 2
  • José L. Martínez-Hernández
    • 2
  • Anna Ilyina
    • 2
  • E. Patricia Segura-Ceniceros
    • 2
  • Cristóbal N. Aguilar
    • 1
  • Janeth M. Ventura-Sobrevilla
    • 3
  • Adriana C. Flores-Gallegos
    • 1
  • Mónica L. Chávez-González
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Bioprocesses and Bioproducts Research Group, Food Research Department, School of ChemistryAutonomous University of CoahuilaSaltilloMexico
  2. 2.Nanobioscience Group, School of ChemistryAutonomous University of CoahuilaSaltilloMexico
  3. 3.School of Health ScienceAutonomous University of CoahuilaPiedras NegrasMexico

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