In Sync pp 71-85 | Cite as

Mental Calibration: The Synchronization of Mind and Action

  • Andrzej K. NowakEmail author
  • Robin R. Vallacher
  • Ryszard Praszkier
  • Agnieszka Rychwalska
  • Michal Zochowski
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)


The relation between mental and behavior process has provided an enduring focus in psychology since the field’s genesis, with an impressive number of theories advanced to explain and predict this relationship. To a large extent, these theories part ways in the primacy they attach to the operation of mind versus the conduct of action. Some emphasize the intuitive notion that mind guides action. In this view, people plan what they are going to do, make mental adjustments if necessary as the action unfolds, and go on to new mental simulations of action when the current action is completed. Other theories emphasize instead the mental realignment that occurs in response to action. Thus, people rethink the point or value of what they have done or they change their attitude to match their overt behavior if it did not reflect what they originally had in mind.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrzej K. Nowak
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Robin R. Vallacher
    • 4
  • Ryszard Praszkier
    • 5
  • Agnieszka Rychwalska
    • 5
  • Michal Zochowski
    • 6
  1. 1.Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyFlorida Atlantic UniversityBoca RatonUSA
  3. 3.Faculty of PsychologySWPS University of Social Sciences and HumanitiesWarsawPoland
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyFlorida Atlantic UniversityBoca RatonUSA
  5. 5.The Robert Zajonc Institute for Social StudiesUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland
  6. 6.Department of Physics and Biophysics ProgramUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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