Assessing the Needs in Lands in the Lake Tumba Landscape

  • Bila-Isia InogwabiniEmail author
Part of the Environmental History book series (ENVHIS, volume 12)


The most important issue identified by communities was that of land ownership. The chapter discusses the understanding by communities of land, land ownership, and land rights. Using a participative land need assessment, the study identified agroforestry lands, hunting lands, fishing basins, utilitarian conservation areas, and culturally access-prohibition areas as five functional land units that communities had in their minds. The study found that it was difficult to extrapolate figures from means of land needed by households to project total land needs in the landscape. Traditional land rights are not necessarily correlated with community population sizes; extrapolating would necessarily lead to problems because some communities would lose and other gains. This recommends that land need assessment is conducted on village-by-village approach, which is prohibitively expensive. But, positively, communities would be willing to give up some of their lands if there are no other activities such as logging in their lands and provided that the government keeps the link to the traditional land ownership, factoring the history of the land occupancy, land use-related culture, land layouts, present dynamics, and future needs.


Land needs Land rights Traditional land rights Land functions Hunting lands Fishing basins Culturally-prohibited lands 


  1. Akwah G, Mogba Z, Tchunza G, Yoko A, Punga J, Mucici PM, Isolumbu J, Akiak J, Konso MR, Bokondokondo F (2006) Rapport synthèse des ateliers préparatifs d’affectation des fonctions et usages des espaces dans la zone à gestion communautaire de Bobangi (Mission du 13 au 27 Mai 2006). Type-scripted report submitted to World Wide Fund for Nature, Democratic Republic of CongoGoogle Scholar
  2. Harms R (1989) Fishing and systems of production: the precolonial Nunu of the middle Zaïre. Cahier des Sci Hum 25:147–158Google Scholar
  3. Inogwabini BI (2014) Conserving biodiversity in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a brief history, current trends and insights for the future. PARKS 20(2):101–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Inogwabini BI (2016) Congo Basin’s shrinking watersheds: potential consequences on local communities. In: Rao P, Patil Y (eds) Reconsidering the impact of climate change on global water supply, use and management. IGI Global, USAGoogle Scholar
  5. Kondjo KH (2009) Cartographie participative des terroirs communautaire de Mpelu, Bodzuna, Embirima and Nkala (villages aux alentours de Malebo), province du Bandundu. Projet de renforcement des capacités pour la Gestion Durable des Forêts dans le Cœur Vert de l’Afrique. Type-scripted report submitted to World Wide Fund for Nature, Democratic Republic of CongoGoogle Scholar
  6. Mayhew S (2009) A dictionary of geography, 4th edn. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Research and Communication in Sustainable Development (CERED)The Jesuit Loyola University of CongoKinshasaCongo, Republic

Personalised recommendations