In the previous chapter, we learned the basic concepts of thermodynamics. Now, we are ready to discuss what a system can do and what changes it can undergo with the heat that it receives. Thermodynamics is the science that deals with systems that exchange heat and work with their environment. It is a phenomenological (experimental) science; it makes no assumptions about the structure of matter. It derives macroscopic results for the properties of matter based on two general laws. It is a remarkable and complete classical theory.
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