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Phase change materials in building application have been known since the first experiment in 1948. As a result of efforts to reduce greenhouse gases over the past two decades, research and development of PCM-based technology have intensified. Energy storage technologies for passive building design based on PCMs have been recognized as a pivot of this endeavor. PCM’s market growth is estimated to be worth of 4 billion dollars by 2024. It was observed that the most intensive research region is Asia-Pacific, with China as the leading country in the globe. To utilize the full potential of PCM technologies, it is necessary to have more efficient and cheaper PCMs. Overall, it was observed that PCM-based technologies have the potential to reduce building energy demand, but there are still some issues that have to be addressed related to the development of more efficient PCMs, design solutions, and manufacturing process cost reducing.
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