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Risk and Protective Factors for Delinquency

  • Tom D. Kennedy
  • David Detullio
  • Danielle H. Millen
Chapter
  • 18 Downloads
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Psychology book series (BRIEFSPSYCHOL)

Abstract

Research from 2008 to 2018 related to risk and protective factors for juvenile delinquency was reviewed to provide an update on the relevance of various factors. Based on the review, some important factors that are consistently related to increased delinquent behaviors include substance use, trauma, delinquent peers, and neighborhood characteristics. The reviewed research also identified many moderators and mediators for risk factors (e.g., genes), indicating that delinquency is unlikely to be predicted with variables from one domain. Within the searched timeframe, research on variables that decrease the likelihood of delinquency (i.e., protective factors) was limited when compared to the research examining risk factors. Nonetheless, familial and neighborhood factors were observed to have protective effects. Some of the methodological characteristics that could clarify conflicting findings between studies were explored, however all reviewed studies could not be contrasted with one another. Therefore, the original references may be consulted to supplement the conclusions drawn here. Lastly, we attempted to incorporate all the relevant research from the searched timeframe into this chapter, but it is possible that some references were overlooked or excluded.

Keywords

Delinquency Risk factors Protective factors 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tom D. Kennedy
    • 1
  • David Detullio
    • 1
  • Danielle H. Millen
    • 1
  1. 1.Nova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA

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