• Sebastián Mantilla Blanco
  • Alexander Pehl
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Law book series (BRIEFSLAW)


Security exceptions are aimed at ensuring a margin of discretion for the adoption of sovereign decisions in questions of national security. To-date, most States consistently incorporate such exceptions into their economic treaties. Yet, treaty language has changed over time. At least three generations of security exceptions can be identified in post-Second World War trade and investment agreements. These generations broadly reflect attitudes towards trade liberalization and international decision-making, which prevailed in different historic settings.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sebastián Mantilla Blanco
    • 1
  • Alexander Pehl
    • 2
  1. 1.BonnGermany
  2. 2.CologneGermany

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