Advertisement

Fire Simulation of Bearing Structures for Natural Gas Module Plant

  • Marina Gravit
  • Sergey Zimin
  • Yurij Lazarev
  • Ivan DmitrievEmail author
  • Elena Golub
Conference paper
  • 46 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1116)

Abstract

The standard (cellulose), external, slow heating and hydrocarbon modes are regulated in the majority of world standardization systems in the field of fire tests of structures. Hydrocarbon temperature mode is used to describe the combustion of flammable liquids and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) at the enterprises of the oil refining and petrochemical industries. In this work, fire resistance degrees are calculated under standard and hydrocarbon fire modes for a model of prefabricated bearing structures of the liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant with simulated fire protection as mineral basalt wool. The calculations were performed in ANSYS software for critical temperatures of 300 °C, 500 °C and 700 °C. There are temperature-time diagrams for the standard and hydrocarbon fire mode. It is shown, that 20 mm of mineral wool are required to ensure R 120 for structure with a reduced thickness of 36.8 mm (pipe diameter 500 mm and thickness - 40 mm) and a critical temperature of 700 °C (for 500 °C - 40 mm of mineral wool respectively) for hydrocarbon fire.

Keywords

Buildings Fire Fire safety Fire resistance Computer simulation Modeling Hydrocarbon fire Hydrocarbon Liquefied natural gas 

References

  1. 1.
    EN 1363-2: Fire resistance tests - Part 2: Alternative and additional procedures. British Standards Institution European, London (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    UL 1709: Standard for Safety Rapid Rise Fire Tests of Protection Materials for Structural Steel. Underwriters Laboratories, Northwood, Illinois (2017)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gravit, M., Gumerova, E., Bardin, A., Lukinov, V.: Increase of fire resistance limits of building structures of oil-and-gas complex under hydrocarbon fire. In: Murgul, V., Popovic, Z. (eds.) International Scientific Conference Energy Management of Municipal Transportation Facilities and Transport, EMMFT 2017. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 692, pp. 818–829. Springer, Cham (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70987-1_87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Imran, M., Liew, M.S., Nasif, M.S., Niazi, U.M., Yasreen, A.: Hazard assessment studies on hydrocarbon fire and blast: an overview. Adv. Sci. Lett. 23, 1243–1247 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gravit, M.V., Golub, E.V., Antonov, S.P.: Fire protective dry plaster composition for structures in hydrocarbon fire. Mag. Civ. Eng. 3, 86–94 (2018)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Quiel, S.E., Yokoyama, T., Bregman, L.S., Mueller, K.A., Marjanishvili, S.M.: A streamlined framework for calculating the response of steel-supported bridges to open-air tanker truck fires. Fire Saf. J. 73, 63–75 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shebeko, A.Y., Shebeko, Y.N., Gordienko, D.M.: A settlement assessment of equivalent fire duration for steel structures of pipe rack of a refinery. Fire Saf. 1, 25–29 (2017)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Palazzi, E., Fabiano, B.: Analytical modelling of hydrocarbon pool fires: conservative evaluation of flame temperature and thermal power. Process Saf. Environ. Prot. 2(90), 121–128 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Paik, J.K., Czujko, J.: Assessment of hydrocarbon explosion and fire risks in offshore installations: recent advances and future trends. IES J. Part A Civ. Struct. Eng. 4, 167–179 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    API 2218: Fireproofing Practices in Petroleum and Petrochemical Processing Plants. American Petroleum Institute, Washington (1999)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Russian Set of Rules SP 4.13330.2013. Systems of fire protection. Restriction of fire spread at object of defense. Requirements to special layout and structural decisions, RussiaGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Russian Set of Rules SP 326.1311500.2017. Objects of low-tonnage liquefied natural gas production and consumption. Fire safety requirements, RussiaGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lennon, T., Moore, D.B., Wang, Y.C., Bailey, C.G.: Designers Guide to EN 1991-1-2, EN 1992-1-2, EN 1993-1-2 and EN 1994-1-2. Handbook for the Fire Design of Steel, Composite and Concrete Structures to the Eurocodes. Thomas Telford Publishing, London (2007)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    PD 7974-7: Application of fire safety engineering principles to the design of buildings – Part 7: Probabilistic risk assessment. British Standards Institution European, London (2003)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gravit, M., Dmitriev, I., Lazarev, Y.: Validation of the temperature gradient simulation in steel structures in SOFiSTiK. In: Murgul, V., Pasetti, M. (eds.) International Scientific Conference Energy Management of Municipal Facilities and Sustainable Energy Technologies, EMMFT 2018. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 983, pp. 929–938. Springer, Cham (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-19868-8_92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shukhardin, A., Gravit, M., Dmitriev, I., Nefedov, G., Nazmeeva, T.: Fire simulation of light gauge steel frame wall system with foam concrete filling. In: International Scientific Conference Energy Management of Municipal Facilities and Sustainable Energy Technologies, EMMFT 2018. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, vol. 982, pp. 836–844. Springer, Cham (2020)  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-19756-8_80Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Salminen, M., Heinisuo, M.: Numerical analysis of thin steel plates loaded in shear at non-uniform elevated temperatures. J. Constr. Steel Res. 97, 105–113 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Heinisuo, M., Jokinen, T.: Tubular composite columns in a non-symmetrical fire. Mag. Civil Eng. 49(5), 107–120 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Schaumann, P., Kirsch, T.: Protected steel and composite connections: simulation of the mechanical behaviour of steel and composite connections protected by intumescent coating in fire. J. Struct. Fire Eng. 1(6), 41–48 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lucherini, A., et al.: Experimental study on the onset of swelling for thin intumescent coatings. IOP Conf. Ser. J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 1107, 032017 (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1107/3/032017Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lazarevska, M., Gavriloska, A.T., Laban, M., Knezevic, M., Cvetkovska, M.: Determination of fire resistance of eccentrically loaded reinforced concrete columns using fuzzy neural networks, 2018.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8204568, Art. ID 8204568, 12 p.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dmitriev, I., Lyulikov, V., Bazhenova, O., Bayanov, D.: Calculation of fire resistance of building structures in software packages. In: E3S Web of Conferences, vol. 91, p. 02007 (2019).  https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20199102007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Organization standard ADSC 11251254.001-018-03: Design of fire protection of load-bearing steel structures using various types of linings. Association for the Development of Steel Construction. Axiom Graphics Union, Moscow, 72 (2018)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic UniversitySaint-PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations