Measurement Method of the Reflected from Highways Noise in Urban Buildings

  • Aleksandr GolovkoEmail author
  • Vladimir Ledenev
  • Aleksandr Antonov
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1116)


The main purpose of the article is to justify the choice of methods for calculating the reflected noise that occurs in the main building from highways and railways. Methods using a diffuse model of sound reflection from noise barriers are considered. The methods are based on the use of the Kuttruff integral equation and homogeneous Markov chains. It is shown that the use of the integral equation, if necessary to ensure the required accuracy of the calculation of reflected noise leads to certain difficulties associated with the need to create, store in computer memory and process large amounts of information. More convenient in this case is the calculation of reflected noise based on the Markov chain method. In relation to the posed problem, a probabilistic model of homogeneous discrete Markov chains is considered. An algorithm for solving the problem using this model is given. The accuracy of the Markov chain method relative to the method based on the Kuttruf integral equation is estimated. It is established that the simplifications made in the Markov chain method have a small effect on the accuracy of determining reflected noise levels. The discrepancies do not exceed ±1.5 dB for the situation considered in the article. Moreover, the use of the Markov method significantly simplifies the preparation of the initial data and reduces the calculation time. For these reasons, the method is recommended to be used when calculating the reflected noise generated within the large primary areas with a free layout of multi-storey buildings.


Highways Near highway building Noise pollution Markov chain Equation Kuttruff Calculation 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Far Eastern Stat Transport UniversityKhabarovskRussia
  2. 2.Tambov State Technical UniversityTambovRussia

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