Advertisement

Government Versus Private Sector-Led Smart Village Development Policies and Programs in India

  • Tej KarkiEmail author
Chapter
  • 35 Downloads
Part of the Modeling and Optimization in Science and Technologies book series (MOST, volume 17)

Abstract

In recent years, India has made innovative attempts to develop villages. Two of the latest are the government-run programs, Provision for Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA), and Member of Parliament Model Village Plan (MPMVP). PURA aims for injecting urban amenities and job opportunities in villages. The MPMVP intends to improve the wellbeing of selected gram panchayats (model villages) through a bundle of coordinated programs. Side by side, private sectors have run a very successful smart village development programs in Gujarat, Bihar, and Puducherry. This paper reviews both the government and private sector-led smart village development policies and draws lessons for the future. This research found that the private-led smart village programs were more effective than the government-run PURA and MPMVP. The reason is that the private sectors earn goodwill and trust by addressing critical village needs, and through that goodwill, they expand their social contribution to the entire village. Whereas, the top-down government-run smart-village programs claim big but deliver little due to shifts in political mindset, lack of earmarked funding, and weak local-implementation capacity.

Keywords

Smart village policy Information technology-driven villages Private leadership in village development Central bureaucracy in village development Village development plan 

References

  1. 1.
    Baden-Powell BH (2003) The origin and growth of village communities in India. Batoche Book, KitchenerGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Darwin S (2015) Prototyping a scalable smart village by leveraging open innovation. Retrieved from https://www.garwoodcenter.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Prototyping-a-Scalable-Smart-Village-Aug-17.pdf
  3. 3.
    Ranade P, Londhe S, Mishra A (2015) Smart village through information technology: Need of emerging India. Int J Inf Technol 3(7)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ramachandra TV, Hegde G, Subhash Chandra MD (2015) SMART Ragihalli: effort towards self-reliant & self-sufficient system empowering man power (rural youth) with appropriate rural technologies. Retrieved fromGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Government of India (2014) Member of parliament ideal village planGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Holmes J, Thomas M (2015) Introducing the smart villages concept. Int J Green Growth Dev 1(2):151–154Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Somwanshi R, Shindepatil U, Tule D, Mankar A, Ingle N (2016) Study and development of village as a smart village. Int J Sci Eng Res 7(6)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zavratnik V, Kos A, Stojmenova Duh E (2018) Smart villages: comprehensive review of initiatives and practices. Sustainability 10(7).  https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Singh A, Patel M (2018) Achieving inclusive development through smart village. PDPU J Energy Manage 3(1):3. https://www.pdpu.ac.in/downloads/SPM%20JEM%20Oct18-Editorial%20Chap4.pdf
  10. 10.
    Ministry of Rural Development (nd) Scheme for provision of urban amenities in rural areas (PURA)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Swaniti Initiative (2015) Adarsh Gram (Model Village): a concept note. http://www.swaniti.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/Model-Village_Brief.pdf
  12. 12.
    Suhag R (2018) Status of drinking water and sanitation in rural India. https://www.prsindia.org/print/583905
  13. 13.
    Dabas M (2013) DNA special: Abdul Kalam’s pet plan for villages fails to take off. DNA. https://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-dna-special-abdul-kalam-s-pet-plan-for-villages-fails-to-take-off-1904565
  14. 14.
    Indra RK (nd) Providing urban amenities to rural areas (PURA). https://sites.google.com/site/errajanikantissuediscussion/policy-program-of-govt-of-india/pura
  15. 15.
    Press Trust of India (2012) A P J Kalam’s PURA project a ‘complete failure’: Jairam Ramesh. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/a-p-j-kalams-pura-project-a-complete-failure-jairam-ramesh/articleshow/12021823.cms
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
    Yadav A (2016) Modi launches village adoption scheme for MPs. The Hindu. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/modi-launches-village-scheme/article6491508.ece
  18. 18.
    Joyita (2014) Key highlights of the recently launched Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana. https://www.prsindia.org/print/4250
  19. 19.
    Sharma A (2018) Modi adopts four villages; will other MPs at least adopt three? The Economic Times. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/modi-adopts-four-villages-will-other-mps-at-least-adopt-three/printarticle/66384068.cms
  20. 20.
    Meghnad S (2019) Whatever happened to the Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana? Launched with epic fanfare, marred by poor planning and ill-thought-out policy framework. Newslaundray. https://www.newslaundry.com/2019/04/01/sansad-adarsh-gram-yojana-model-village-narendra-modi-bjp
  21. 21.
    Sirinivasan K (2016) How has Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana, Modi’s project to resurrect villages, fared so far? YourStory.com. https://yourstory.com/2016/06/saansad-adarsh-gram-yojana
  22. 22.
    Pandey K (2018) 78% MPs yet to identify villages for development under Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana. Down To Earth. https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/governance/78-mps-are-yet-to-identify-their-village-for-development-under-saansad-adarsh-gram-yojana-60756
  23. 23.
    Torgalkar V (2019) Election 2019: Sansad Adarsh Gram villagers in Maharashtra say no to BJP after MP fails in Development. NewsClick. https://www.newsclick.in/elections-2019-saansad-adarsh-gram-villagers-maharashtra-say-no-bjp-after-mp-fails-development
  24. 24.
    Katoch M (2017) This young Sarpanch created a model village with CCTV Cameras, WiFi & a renewable energy power station. The Better India. https://www.thebetterindia.com/112312/punsari-best-village-sarpanch-himanshu-patel/
  25. 25.
    GKTODAY (2016) Akodara becomes India’s first digital village. GK, Current Affairs. https://currentaffairs.gktoday.in/akodara-indias-digital-village-11201637474.html
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
    East Coast Daily (nd) How Dharnai, a village in Bihar became india’s first solar powered village? East Coast Daily. https://m.dailyhunt.in/news/india/english/east+coast+daily+eng-epaper-eeastco/how+dharnai+a+village+in+bihar+became+india+s+first+solar+powered+village-newsid-94403545
  28. 28.
    Dilip M (2014). First fully solar-powered village in India: Dharnai’s story begins after 33 years of darkness. Retrieved from https://www.ibtimes.co.in/first-fully-solar-powered-village-india-dharnais-story-begins-after-33-years-darkness-video-605261
  29. 29.
    Shah P (2014) Freedom from darkness: a village in Bihar powers itself with solar energy. Retrieved from https://indians4sc.org/2014/10/17/freedom-from-darkness-a-village-in-bihar-powers-itself-with-solar-energy/#.XRuXHegzbD4
  30. 30.
    Subramanian R, Arivanandan M (2009) Rural development through village knowledge centers in India. Commun IIMA 9(2)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Karuppiah J, Rajakumar R (2013) Information and knowledge system through village resource centre and village knowledge centres in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry, India. Indian J Nat Sci 4(21)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Swaminathan MS (2007) Bridging the digital divide: empowering the people/Interviewer: R. PoynderGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Nelson J, Dharmaraj P and Ramesh S (2017) The role of information communication and technology in change management with special reference to village knowledge center. Int J Innov Appl Res 5(8):51–60. Retrieved from https://www.journalijiar.com/uploads/796_IJIAR-2211.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lovely Professional UniversityJalandharIndia
  2. 2.Northeastern UniversityBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations