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Deep Learning Algorithms for Complex Pattern Recognition in Ultrasonic Sensors Arrays

  • Vittorio MazziaEmail author
  • Angelo Tartaglia
  • Marcello Chiaberge
  • Dario Gandini
Conference paper
  • 169 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11943)

Abstract

Nowadays, applications of ultrasonic proximity sensors are limited to a post-processing of the acquired signals with a pipeline of filters and threshold comparators. This article proposes two different and novel processing methodologies, based on machine learning algorithms, that outperform classical approaches. Indeed, noisy signals and presence of thin or soundproofing objects are likely sources of false positive detections that can make traditional approaches useless and unreliable. In order to take advantage of correlations among the data, multiple parallel signals, coming from a cluster of ultrasonic sensors, have been exploited, producing a number of different features that allowed to achieve more accurate and precise predictions for object detection. Firstly, model-based learning as well as instance-based learning systems have been investigated for an independent time correlation analysis of the different signals. Particular attention has been given to the training and testing of the deep fully connected network that showed, since the beginning, more promising results. In the second part, a recurrent neural network, based on long short term memory cells, has been devised. As a result of its intrinsic nature, time correlations between successive samples are not more overlooked, further improving the overall prediction capability of the system. Finally, cutting edge training methodologies and strategies to find the different hyperparameters have been adopted in order to obtain the best results and performance from the available data.

Keywords

Deep learning Ultrasound sensors Industrial security 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work has been developed with the contribution of the Politecnico di Torino Interdepartmental Centre for Service Robotics PIC4SeR (https://pic4ser.polito.it) and SmartData@Polito (https://smartdata.polito.it).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vittorio Mazzia
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Angelo Tartaglia
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marcello Chiaberge
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dario Gandini
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electronic and Telecommunications Engineering (DET)Politecnico di TorinoTurinItaly
  2. 2.PIC4SeR - Politecnico Interdepartmental Centre for Service RoboticTurinItaly
  3. 3.SmartData@PoliTo - Big Data and Data Science LaboratoryTurinItaly

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