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Need for Personal Transformations in a Changing Climate: Reflections on Environmental Change and Climate-Smart Agriculture in Africa

  • Bishal K. SitaulaEmail author
  • Ognjen Žurovec
  • Bal Chandra Luitel
  • Anne Parker
  • Rattan Lal
Chapter
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract

In this paper, we discuss the need for personal transformation in the rapidly changing environmental context. We also provide a short reflective and analytical framework for climate-smart agriculture (CSA) and its linkages with vulnerability, resilience, and livelihoods and reflect on how CSA can impact positively on the livelihoods of smallholder farmers in Africa. Furthermore, we stress the importance of reflective thinking on interdependence and the linkages between agricultural and environmental problems that are deeply rooted in human wants/greed and that manifest in various forms such as unsustainable agriculture, biodiversity losses, climate change, and land/soil degradation. To address these problems at their source, we attempt to introduce the idea of personal transformation, which is lacking in current approaches to education and agricultural development. We present a few educational perspectives, where a transformation refers to a change or shift of meaning on dominant ideas, beliefs, and assumptions. We argue that transformation takes place within the self after internalizing the transformative individual views or ideas from different perspectives. In other words, we cannot transform ourselves through the lens of beliefs and assumptions that are taken for granted. It is being aware of one’s own context and development of consciousness that brings changes within the self. We anticipate that education promotes and enhances awareness of personal transformation in various arenas of development, including agriculture.

Keywords

Transformation Agriculture and climate change Climate-smart agriculture 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bishal K. Sitaula
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ognjen Žurovec
    • 1
  • Bal Chandra Luitel
    • 2
  • Anne Parker
    • 3
  • Rattan Lal
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of International Environment and Development StudiesNorwegian University of Life SciencesÅsNorway
  2. 2.School of Education, Kathmandu UniversityDhulikhelNepal
  3. 3.Department of Environmental SciencesNaropa UniversityBoulderUSA
  4. 4.School of Environment and Natural Resources, Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, The Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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