Understanding Undesired Procedural Behavior in Surgical Training: The Instructor Perspective

  • Victor GalvezEmail author
  • Cesar Meneses
  • Gonzalo Fagalde
  • Jorge Munoz-Gama
  • Marcos Sepúlveda
  • Ricardo Fuentes
  • Rene de la Fuente
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing book series (LNBIP, volume 362)


In recent years, a new approach to incorporate the process perspective in the surgical procedural training through Process Mining has been proposed. In this approach, training executions are recorded, to later generate end-to-end process models for the students, describing their execution. Although those end-to-end models are useful for the students, they do not fully capture the needs of the instructors of the training programs. This article proposes a taxonomy of activities for surgical process models, analyzes the specific questions instructors have about the student execution and their undesired procedural behavior, and proposes the Procedural Behavior Instrument, an instrument to answer them in an easy-to-interpret way. A real case was used to test the approach, and a preliminary validity was developed by a medical expert.


Undesired procedural behavior Process perspective Healthcare Medical training Surgical procedures Surgical process models 



This work is partially supported by CONICYT FONDECYT 11170092, CONICYT REDI 170136, VRI-UC INTERDISCIPLINA II170003, and FOND-DCC 2017-0001. CONICYT-PFCHA/Doctorado Nacional/2019-21190116.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor Galvez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cesar Meneses
    • 1
  • Gonzalo Fagalde
    • 1
    • 3
  • Jorge Munoz-Gama
    • 1
  • Marcos Sepúlveda
    • 1
  • Ricardo Fuentes
    • 2
  • Rene de la Fuente
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science, School of EngineeringPontificia Universidad Católica de ChileSantiagoChile
  2. 2.Department of Anesthesiology, School of MedicinePontificia Universidad Católica de ChileSantiagoChile
  3. 3.Department of Engineering SciencesUniversidad Andres BelloSantiagoChile

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