Modelling Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Trade-Offs in Agricultural Landscapes to Support Planning and Policy-Making

  • Davide GenelettiEmail author
  • Blal Adem Esmail
  • Rocco Scolozzi
  • Giacomo Assandri
  • Mattia Brambilla
  • Paolo Pedrini
Part of the Innovations in Landscape Research book series (ILR)


Agricultural areas provide non-commodity outputs besides food and fiber that can contribute to sustainability. Balancing the interest of farmers and the benefits for the society is a key challenge. Assessing the potential benefits for biodiversity and understanding spatial and temporal trade-offs among multiple ecosystem services (ES) from agricultural areas remain a key challenge, especially in mountainous landscapes. We develop an approach to assess the trade-offs and synergies between ES and biodiversity associated with agricultural areas, focusing on mountain landscapes. We first model the distribution of ES and biodiversity in seven study areas in northern Italy, aiming at providing guidance on the relationship between the intensity of use of agricultural land and the provision of ES. We then performed a thematic aggregation of the indicators and correlation analysis followed to gain a better understanding of the spatial and temporal ES trade-offs. Finally, we discuss how the results can provide support to planning and policy-making in different sectors, with a focus on rural development and nature conservation planning.


Trade-offs Ecosystem services Mountain agriculture Biodiversity conservation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Davide Geneletti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Blal Adem Esmail
    • 1
  • Rocco Scolozzi
    • 2
  • Giacomo Assandri
    • 3
  • Mattia Brambilla
    • 3
  • Paolo Pedrini
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil, Environmental and Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of TrentoTrentoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Sociology and Social ResearchUniversity of TrentoTrentoItaly
  3. 3.Section of Vertebrate ZoologyMuseo delle ScienzeTrentoItaly

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