Extraarticular Calcaneal Body Fractures

  • John W. Munz
  • Stephen J. WarnerEmail author


While much attention is focused on intra-articular calcaneus fractures, about one in four calcaneus fractures are extraarticular. Specifically, extraarticular calcaneal body fractures represent an injury that is underrepresented in the literature. A heightened suspicion for diagnosing these injuries based on a patient’s history and physical exam is often required. While traditional calcaneal radiographs are the appropriate first-line imaging modality, computed tomography imaging is frequently used to better define the fracture patterns and evaluate any potential intra-articular injury.

An understanding of how the calcaneal morphology normally functions to maintain appropriate height, length, width, and alignment of the hindfoot is critical for treatment of these fractures. Treatment strategies need to focus on how these morphological characteristics are affected by the injury and the subsequent sequelae that these alterations have on foot and ankle biomechanics within the context of an individual patient’s medical and functional status.


Calcaneus fracture Calcaneal body Extraarticular ORIF Nonoperative 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Texas Health Science CenterHoustonUSA

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