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Advances in Nanotechnology and Effects of Nanoparticles on Oxidative Stress Parameters

  • Loutfy H. MadkourEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Nanomedicine and Nanotoxicology book series (NANOMED)

Abstract

With the increase in the world population and the demand for food, new agricultural practices have been developed to improve food production using more effective pesticides and fertilizers. These technologies can lead to an uncontrolled release of undesired substances into the environment, with the potential to contaminate soil and groundwater. Today, nanotechnology represents a promising approach to improve agricultural production and remediate polluted sites. Fertilizer particles can be coated with nanomembranes that facilitate slow and steady release of nutrients. Coating and cementing of nano- and subnanocomposites can regulate the release of nutrients from the fertilizer capsule. This chapter discusses some applications of engineered NPs and nanotechnology in the agricultural production chain and nanoselenium and its nanomedicine applications. The fate of the advantages and possible toxicity risks of nanomaterials once introduced in water and soil are also discussed. The potential for the application of nanotechnologies is enormous, and much is still to be discovered. Given this, we need to study and understand the behavior of these new materials. We also need to direct research in such a way as to help us make better choices and to promote less costly nanomaterial production and application procedures.

Keywords

Nanomaterial Nanoparticle Nanotoxicology Oxidative stress Toxicity Environment Biomedicine Drug delivery Human’s nanofoods Protective effect 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physical Chemistry and Nanoscience, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceAl Baha UniversityBaljurashiSaudi Arabia

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