Promoting Growth Mindset to Foster Cognitive Engagement

  • Angie J. Pohl
  • Julie Ann G. Nelson


During development, children form beliefs or mindsets about their intelligence and ability. Those who believe that ability or intelligence is something a person is born with and that it cannot be changed have an entity theory of intelligence or fixed mindset. Those who believe intelligence and ability are malleable and can change over time are said to have an incremental theory of intelligence or growth mindset. These mindsets impact how children perceive learning, how they face challenges, and how they deal with success and failure. Children with a growth mindset believe that they can change their intelligence or ability through hard work, practice, effort, and using the right strategies. In this chapter, we will focus on students’ beliefs about their intelligence, ability, and effort and how to intervene to promote a growth mindset in order to increase student engagement, particularly cognitive engagement.


Cognitive engagement Mindsets Growth mindsets Cognitive engagement intervention Self-efficacy Mastery-learning orientation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angie J. Pohl
    • 1
  • Julie Ann G. Nelson
    • 2
  1. 1.Burnsville-Eagan-Savage School DistrictBurnsvilleUSA
  2. 2.Orono Public School DistrictLong LakeUSA

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