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Oligodendrocyte Progenitor Cells in the Tumor Microenvironment

  • Takuichiro HideEmail author
  • Yoshihiro Komohara
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  • 277 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1234)

Abstract

Glioblastoma (GBM) develops from adult brain white matter and is the most common and lethal primary brain tumor, characterized by rapid growth and invasion. GBM tumors frequently spread into the contralateral hemisphere, including in the beginning of tumor development. However, after complete resection of the tumor mass and chemo-radiotherapy, GBM commonly recurs around the tumor removal site, suggesting that the microenvironment at the tumor border provides therapeutic resistance to GBM cells. To improve patient prognosis, understanding the microenvironment at the tumor border is critical. Several microRNAs (miRNAs) show higher expression at the tumor border, with the top three involved in oligodendrocyte differentiation. Oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) may induce stemness and chemo-radioresistance in GBM cells, providing a supportive function to promote GBM. This review describes important features of OPCs and insights into the “border niche,” a unique microenvironment that allows GBM cells to survive and recur at the tumor border.

Keywords

Border niche Glioma-associated oligodendrocyte Oligodendrocyte progenitor cell Oligodendrocyte Microenvironment Glioblastoma Recurrence Neuron Microglia Macrophage microRNA Stemness Chemo-radioresistance Invasion Niche 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryKitasato University School of MedicineKanagawaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Cell PathologyGraduate School of Life Sciences, Kumamoto UniversityKumamotoJapan

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