Responses of Growth to Climate and Drought in Two Sympatric Mexican Pine Species

  • Marcos González-Cásares
  • Andrea Cecilia Acosta-HernándezEmail author
  • José Manuel Zúñiga-Vásquez
  • Gerardo Herrera-Soto
  • J. Julio Camarero


Climate change and its ecological consequences are a highly topical concern, particularly considering the effects on forests and their capacity for growth and ability to uptake and fix carbon as wood. Exploring the influence of climate on the radial growth of sympatric tree species is important to the understanding of the impacts of climate warming on forest composition and productivity. In this study, we used dendrochronology to investigate how the growth of two sympatric pine species, Pinus leiophylla and Pinus teocote, growing in northern Mexico respond to climatic variables at inter-annual scales. In general, the response of the two species to the climatic conditions was similar. Prior humid and cold winter and current summer conditions enhanced growth, whereas warm conditions in the prior summer and late winter, related to high evapotranspiration rates, constrained growth. It is therefore necessary to focus on the response of these species to the forecasted temperature increase. Further studies could also investigate if other sympatric tree species also show similar growth responses to climate and drought.


Pinus leiophylla Pinus teocote Mexico SPEI Spatial correlation Sensitivity climatic 



We are grateful to CONACYT for the doctoral scholarship awarded to the first and correspondence authors and for project CB-2013/222522 of CONACYT (National Council of Science and Technology). We also thank COCYTED (Council of Science and Technology of the State of Durango) for the resources granted to support this work. Also, we are grateful to the editors and anonymous reviewers for their useful comments and suggestions. We thank José Luis Gallardo Salazar for his assistance in edition of photographs used in this chapter.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Programa Institucional de Doctorado en Ciencias Agropecuarias y ForestalesUniversidad Juárez del Estado de DurangoDurangoMexico
  2. 2.Facultad de Ciencias ForestalesUniversidad Juárez del Estado de DurangoDurangoMexico
  3. 3.Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología (IPE-CSIC)ZaragozaSpain

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