Systematic Review of Deep Learning and Machine Learning Models in Biofuels Research

  • Sina Ardabili
  • Amir MosaviEmail author
  • Annamária R. Várkonyi-Kóczy
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 101)


The importance of energy systems and their role in economics and politics is not hidden for anyone. This issue is not only important for the advanced industrialized countries, which are major energy consumers but is also essential for oil-rich countries. In addition to the nature of these fuels, which contains polluting substances, the issue of their ending up has aggravated the growing concern. Biofuels can be used in different fields for energy production like electricity production, power production, or for transportation. Various scenarios have been written about the estimated biofuels from different sources in the future energy system. The availability of biofuels for the electricity market, heating, and liquid fuels is critical. Accordingly, the need for handling, modeling, decision making, and forecasting for biofuels can be of utmost importance. Recently, machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) techniques have been accessible in modeling, optimizing, and handling biodiesel production, consumption, and environmental impacts. The main aim of this study is to review and evaluate ML and DL techniques and their applications in handling biofuels production, consumption, and environmental impacts, both for modeling and optimization purposes. Hybrid and ensemble ML methods, as well as DL methods, have found to provide higher performance and accuracy.


Biofuels Deep learning Big data Machine learning models 



Artificial neural network


Extreme learning machine


Machine learning


Support vector machine


Wavelet neural networks


Deep learning


Autoregressive integrated moving average


Feed-forward neural networks


Multi layered perceptron


Decision tree


Response surface methodology


Back propagation neural network


Centroid mean


Adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system


Analytic network process


Random forest


Non-random two-liquid


Recurrent neural network


Partial least squares


Discriminant analysis


Principal component analysis


Linear discriminant analysis


Support vector regression




Sparse Bayesian


Multi criteria decision making


Genetic programming


Multi linear regression


Step-wise Weight Assessment Ratio Analysis


Multi Objective Optimization by Ratio Analysis



This publication has been supported by the Project: “Support of research and development activities of the J. Selye University in the field of Digital Slovakia and creative industry” of the Research & Innovation Operational Programme (ITMS code: NFP313010T504) co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Advanced Studies KoszegKoszegHungary
  2. 2.Kalman Kando Faculty of Electrical EngineeringObuda UniversityBudapestHungary
  3. 3.School of the Built EnvironmentOxford Brookes UniversityOxfordUK
  4. 4.Department of Mathematics and InformaticsJ. Selye UniversityKomarnoSlovakia

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