Advertisement

Performance of Anodes with Proper Active Metal Elements Added to the Al–0.16wt%In in Alkaline Electrolyte for Al-Air Batteries

  • Huimin LuEmail author
  • Neale Neelameggham
  • Leng Jing
  • Jianxue Liu
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)

Abstract

Wind energy and solar energy are stored in aluminum through low-temperature aluminum electrolysis, and then the distributed energy generation by metallic fuel cells realizes renewable energy utilization. Aluminum is an ideal material for metallic fuel cells. In this research, the performance of Al-air batteries based on pure Al, Al–0.16 wt%In, Al–0.16 wt%In–0.1 wt%Ga, Al–0.16 wt%In–0.5 wt%Bi, Al–0.16 wt%In–0.12 wt%Sn, and Al–0.16 wt%In–3 wt%Zn anodes in 4 M NaOH solution was investigated by galvanostatic discharge test. The electrochemical properties of the anodes were investigated in the same electrolyte using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and polarization curves. Battery performance was tested by constant current discharge at 20 mA cm−2 current density. The characteristics of the anodes after discharge were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive analysis of X-ray (EDAX). Results confirm that compared with pure Al and Al–0.16 wt%In in 4 M NaOH, the electrochemical properties of Al–0.16 wt%In–0.1 wt%Ga anode restrains hydrogen evolution, improves electrochemical activity, and increases anodic utilization rate.

Keywords

Al-air battery Self-corrosion Aluminum alloy Distributed energy generation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by a grant from the China Aerospace Science Fund.

References

  1. 1.
    Liu Y, Sun Q, Li W, Adair KR, Li J, Sun X (2017) A comprehensive review on recent progress in aluminum–air batteries. Green Energy Environ 2(2017):246–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Egan DR, De Leon CP, Wood RJK (2013) Developments in electrode materials and electrolytes for aluminium-air batteries. J Power Sources 236:293–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zaromb S (1962) The use and behavior of aluminum anodes in alkaline primary batteries. J Electrochem Soc 109(12):1125–1130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhang X, Yang SH, Knickle H (2004) Novel operation and control of an electric vehicle aluminum/air battery system. J Power Sources 128(2):331–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kraytsberg A, Ein-Eli Y (2013) The impact of nano-scaled materials on advanced metal–air battery systems. Nano Energy 2(4):468–480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Vlaskin MS, Shkolnikov EI, Bersh AV (2011) An experimental aluminum-fueled power plant. J Power Sources 196(20):8828–8835CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Smoljko I, Gudić S, Kuzmanić N (2012) Electrochemical properties of aluminium anodes for Al/air batteries with aqueous sodium chloride electrolyte. J Appl Electrochem 42(11):969–977CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Abiola OK, Otaigbe JOE (2009) The effects of phyllanthus amarus extract on corrosion and kinetics of corrosion process of aluminum in alkaline solution. Corros Sci 51(11):2790–2793CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huimin Lu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Neale Neelameggham
    • 2
  • Leng Jing
    • 1
  • Jianxue Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.IND LLCSouth JordanUSA

Personalised recommendations