The Impact of Solar Resource Characteristics on Solar Thermal Pre-heating of Manganese Ores

  • Lina HockadayEmail author
  • Tristan McKechnie
  • Martina Neises von Puttkamer
  • Matti Lubkoll
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)


The proposed paper evaluates an alternative ferromanganese production flowsheet seeking to pre-heat manganese ores with concentrating solar thermal energy to 600 \(^{\circ }\)C. The benefits of solar thermal pre-heating will be evaluated based on a cost discounted economic model taking into account the variability of the solar resource, capital costs, and operating costs of a solar thermal plant over the lifetime of the project. Solar variability will be discussed based on possible implementation sites for such technologies, and the cost and benefits of thermal storage in the flowsheet will also be evaluated. This work is part of the PreMa project, aiming to advance novel energy systems in the drying and pre-heating of furnace materials. The PreMa project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant Agreement No 820561.


Concentrating solar thermal Pre-heating Ferromanganese production 



The PreMa project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant Agreement No 820561. This paper is published with the permission of Mintek.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lina Hockaday
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tristan McKechnie
    • 2
  • Martina Neises von Puttkamer
    • 3
  • Matti Lubkoll
    • 3
  1. 1.MintekPraegvilleSouth Africa
  2. 2.Solar Thermal Energy Research Group (STERG)StellenboschSouth Africa
  3. 3.Institute of Solar Research, German Aerospace Center (DLR)StuttgartGermany

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