• Thomas G. Robertazzi
  • Li Shi


In this introductory chapter basic transmission and networking technologies, parallel processing, and machine learning for networking are discussed. This includes the topics of coaxial cables, twisted pair wiring, fiber optics, microwave line of sight, satellites in various orbits, cellular systems, ad hoc networking, and wireless sensor networks. Also discussed are multiplexing (frequency division multiplexing (FDM), time division multiplexing (TDM), frequency hopping, and direct sequence spread spectrum), circuit switching versus packet switching and layered protocols. The chapter concludes by introducing parallel processing, divisible load scheduling, Amdahl’s law, and also machine learning for networking.


Transmission technology Fiber optics Satellites Cellular systems Ad hoc networks Wireless sensor networks Layered protocols Parallel processing and machine learning 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas G. Robertazzi
    • 1
  • Li Shi
    • 1
  1. 1.Stony Brook UniversityStony BrookUSA

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