Shipyard Impact Assessment for a Sustainable Ships’ Maintenance and Repair Activity in West Africa

  • Abdelmoula Ait AllalEmail author
  • Khalifa Mansouri
  • Mohamed Youssfi
  • Mohammed Qbadou
  • Khalid El Had
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1104)


The shipping nations over time have opted to own their ship-docking facilities for the maintenance of their fleets. Several shipyards are located in African ports, to offer ships maintenance and repair service to ships trading in African countries territorial waters. The shipowners generally prefer the shipyards which are nearby the trading routes of their vessels to optimize the operational cost. This encourage the governments of the coastal countries located in strategic shipping trading lines to invest in constructing shipyard. Senegal is one of these countries that has a big shipyard, managed by a European shipyard. However, it is important to conduct an assessment of the economic, social and environmental impact of shipyards in order to ensure a sustainable ships maintenance and repair activity and to reduce its environmental impact. This paper addresses this assessment, taking as case study the shipyard DAKARNAVE located in the port of Dakar, situated in west African coast.


GHG’s emission Steel work Ship maintenance and repair Environmental pollution Air pollutants Abrasive blasting Shipyard 


  1. 1.
    Ocampo, E.S., Pereira, N.N.: Can ship recycling be a sustainable activity practiced in Brazil. J. Clean. Prod. (2019).
  2. 2.
    Drakopoulos, S., Salonitis, K., Tsoukantas, G., Chryssolouris, G.: Environmental impact of ship hull repair. In: Proceedings of LCE 2006, pp. 459–464 (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barlas, B.: Shipyard fatalities in Turkey. J. Saf. Sci. 50, 1247–1252 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Carvalho, S., Antão, P., Guedes Soares, C.: Modelling of environmental impacts of ship dismantling. Ships Offshore Struct. 6(1–2), 161–173 (2011). Scholar
  5. 5.
    Choi, J.Y., Hong, G.H., Ra, K., Kim, K.T., Kim, K.: Magnetic characteristics of sediment grains concurrently contaminated with TBT and metals near a shipyard in Busan, Korea. J. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 85, 679–685 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rachmat, A., Emil, B., Herdis, H., Mahawan, K., Putri, A.S.: Minimize the impact of waste pollution in ship repair processes to improving shipyard industrial infrastructure sustainability. In: E3S Web of Conferences, ICENIS 2018, vol. 73, p. 08006 (2018). EDP Sciences (2018).
  7. 7.
    Zukauskaite, A., Mickeviciene, R., Karnauskaite, D., Turkina, L.: Environmental and humane health issue of welding in the shipyard. In: Proceedings of 17th International Conference, Transport Means (2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Guneri, A.F., Cengiz, M., Seker, S.: A fuzzy ANP approach to shipyard location selection. Expert Syst. Appl. 36(4), 7992–7999 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lee, T., Nam, H.: A study on green shipping in major countries: in the view of shipyards, shipping companies, ports, and policies. Asian J. Shipp. Logist. 33(4), 253–262 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rahman, S.: Aspects and impacts of ship recycling in Bangladesh. J. Procedia Eng. 194, 268–275 (2017). 10th International Conference on Marine Technology (MARTEC 2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Song, Y.C., Woo, J.H., Park, S.H., Kim, I.S.: A study on the treatment of antifouling paint waste from shipyard. J. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 51, 1048–1053 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wang, H., Oguz, E., Jeong, B., Zhou, P.: Life cycle cost and environmental impact analysis of ship hull maintenance strategies for a short route hybrid ferry. J. Ocean Eng. 161, 20–28 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sakhi, F.E., Ait Allal, A., Mansouri, K., Qbadou, M.: Toward a study of environmental impact of the Tangier Med port container terminals. In: Advanced Intelligent Systems for Sustainable Development (AI2SD’2018), Advanced Intelligent Systems Applied to Environment, vol. 3, pp. 222–235 (2018)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ait Allal, A., Mansouri, K., Youssfi, M., Qbadou, M.: Toward a study of environmental impact of shipping industry and proposal of alternative solutions. In: Advanced Intelligent Systems for Sustainable Development (AI2SD’2018), Advanced Intelligent Systems Applied to Environment, vol. 3, pp. 245–256 (2018)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdelmoula Ait Allal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Khalifa Mansouri
    • 1
  • Mohamed Youssfi
    • 1
  • Mohammed Qbadou
    • 1
  • Khalid El Had
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory: Signals, Distributed Systems and Artificial Intelligence (SSDIA)ENSET Mohammedia, University Hassan IICasablancaMorocco
  2. 2.Institut Superieur des Etudes Maritime (ISEM)University Hassan IICasablancaMorocco

Personalised recommendations