Advertisement

Numerical Investigation of Hybrid Darrieus-Savonius Wind Turbine Performance

  • Mohamed MezianeEmail author
  • Mustapha Faqir
  • Elhachmi Essadiqi
  • Mohamad Fathi Ghanameh
Conference paper
  • 30 Downloads
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1104)

Abstract

Vertical axis wind turbines (VAWT) as energy saving devices can be used in many engineering fields. There are two types of rotors in VAWT. Savonius rotors require a low torque for starting, but their efficiency is very low and Darrieus rotors have high efficiency, but they are difficult to start up. The hybrid wind turbine obtained by combining these two technologies, has the self-starting ability and high efficiency. A Darrieus-Savonius combined rotor aiming at a high aerodynamic performance with a low start-up requirement has drawn the attention of many researchers. In this paper, the effect of Darrieus-Savonius combined wind turbine performance is investigated in order to improve VAWT efficiency by a CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) approach. Unsteady simulations solving the Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes equations with standard k-ω SST turbulence model were conducted to obtain the static torque and the power coefficient. This numerical study focused on Darrieus-Savonius wind turbine with Savonius rotor placed in the middle of the Darrieus rotor at different tip speed ratio of 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0 and 1.2. The commercial CFD software Fluent 15.0 is used for the numerical study. The torque and power coefficient results of single Savonius turbine are compared and validated against experimental and numerical data based on the literature.

Keywords

Wind energy VAWT CFD Savonius rotor Darrieus rotor 

References

  1. 1.
    Boroumand Jazi, G., Rismanchi, B., Saidur, R.: Technical characteristic analysis of wind energy conversion systems for sustainable development. Energy Convers. Manage. 69, 87–94 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mertens, S.: Wind energy in urban areas: concentrator effects for wind turbines close to buildings. Refocus 3, 22–24 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Owens, B., Griffith, D.: Aeroelastic stability investigation for large-scale vertical axis wind turbines. In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, (The Science of Making Torque from Wind 2014, Lyngby, Denmark), vol. 524, p. 012092 (2014)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Borg, M., Shires, A., Collu, M.: Offshore floating vertical axis wind turbines, dynamics modelling state of the art. Part I: Aerodyn. Renew. Sust. Energy Rev. 39, 1214–1225 (2014)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ducoin, A., Shadloo, M.S., Roy, S.: Direct numerical simulation of flow instabilities over Savonius style wind turbine blades. Renew. Energy 105, 374–385 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shigetomi, A., Murai, Y., Tasaka, Y., Takeda, Y.: Interactive flow field around two Savonius turbines. Renew. Energy 36, 536–545 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jha, A.R.: Wind Turbine Technology. CRC Press, Boca Raton (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Erwin, S.W., Erny, L., Rina, L., Tresna, P.S.: Development of the third Darrieus blade of sultan wind turbine for low wind speed. Appl. Mech. Mater. 758, 13–19 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Erwin, E., Tresna, P.S., Adi, S., Julianto, N., Kurnia, N., Slamet, W.: Design optimization of hybrid biomass and wind turbine for minapolitan cluster in Domas, Serang, Banten, Indonesia. In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 105, no. 1, p. 012010 (2018)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dwiyantoro, B.A., Suphandani, V.: The system design and performance test of hybrid vertical axis wind turbine. In: AIP Conference Proceedings vol. 1831, p. 020030 (2017)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dwiyantoro, B.A., Yuwono, T., Suphandani, V.: Structural design optimization of vertical axis wind turbine type Darrieus-Savonius. ARPN J. Eng. Appl. Sci. 11(2), 1073–1077 (2016)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ghosh, A., Biswas, A., Sharma, K.K., Gupta, R.: Computational analysis of flow physics of a combined three bladed Darrieus Savonius wind rotor. J. Energy Inst. 88(4), 425–437 (2014). Elsevier LtdCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wakui, T., Takagi, H., Hashizume, T.: Hybrid configuration of Darrieus and Savonius rotor for stand-alone power system. Int. J. Eng. Sci. Adv. Technol. (2014)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Meziane, M., Essadiqi, E., Faqir, M., Ghanameh, M.F.: CFD study of unsteady flow through Savonius wind turbine clusters. Int. J. Renew. Energy Res. 9(2), 657–666 (2019)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sukanta, R., Ranjan, D., Ujjwal, K.S.: An inverse method for optimization of geometric parameters of a Savonius-style wind turbine. Energy Convers. Manag. 155, 116–127 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Meziane, M., Eichwald, O., Sarrette, J.P., Ducasse, O., Yousfi, M.: Multi-dimensional simulation of a polluted gas flow stressed by a DC positive multi-pins corona discharge reactor. Int. J. Plasma Environ. Sci. Technol. 6, 98–103 (2012)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Meziane, M., Eichwald, O., Sarrette, J.P., Ducasse, O., Yousfi, M.: 2D simulation of active species and ozone production in a multi-tip DC air corona discharge. Eur. Phys. J.-Appl. Phys. 56, 25005 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Meziane
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mustapha Faqir
    • 2
  • Elhachmi Essadiqi
    • 2
  • Mohamad Fathi Ghanameh
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Condensed Matter and Renewable Energy, Faculty of Science and TechnologyHassan II University of CasablancaCasablancaMorocco
  2. 2.Université Internationale de Rabat, AERO School, LERMA LaboratoryRocade Rabat-SaléSala el JadidaMorocco

Personalised recommendations