Advertisement

ALL YOU CAN’T EAT: Research and Experiences from Agri-Food Waste to New Building Products in a Circular Economy Perspective

  • Roberto Giordano
  • Elena Montacchini
  • Silvia TedescoEmail author
Chapter
  • 15 Downloads
Part of the Strategies for Sustainability book series (STSU)

Abstract

In a Circular Economy context, agri-food can play an important role, since the majority of waste consists of residues potentially usable as secondary raw materials in several industrial processes, including the building sector. This chapter deals with some outcomes achieved in research projects carried out by TeAM (Tecnologia & Ambiente) of Politecnico di Torino in partnership with Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). In particular, it describes a cluster of research projects entitled ALL YOU CAN’T EAT, focusing on the recycling of agricultural residues and food waste: both are used for developing new products for the construction industry and for promoting the transition from “waste” to “resource”. The paper highlights some open issues that must be considered when moving from experimentation to industrial production and symbiosis, such as: is the amount of waste sufficient to be put into a new production cycle and to ensure the continuity of the supply chain (and its economic sustainability)? Does a circular product really have a lower environmental impact than linear alternatives?

Keywords

Agri-food waste and by-products New building products Prototyping and testing Life cycle approach Technical and industrial feasibility Circular economy 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank for CONCRICE project: Roberta Gariano; Dr Fulvio Canonico, Dr Manuela Bianchi (Buzzi Unicem); for THERMALMOND project: Bruna D’Agata; Prof. Valentina Serra (DENERG, Politecnico di Torino); Dr Marco Dutto (Vimark); for KERATOSTONE project: Mattia Sironi; Prof. Jean Marc Tulliani (DISAT, Politecnico di Torino); Globalcibo srl; Panamar snc; Keracoll; for the ECOFFI project: Jacopo Andreotti; Denis Faruku; Dr Marco Cappellari (Vicat Group) Dr Mauro Sarotto (Sarotto Group srl); Prof. Valentina Serra (DENERG, Politecnico di Torino); Arch. Corrado Carbonaro (LASTIN, Politecnico di Torino).

Credits

This chapter is the result of scientific work, carried out by the three authors and wrote with their equal commitment. Section 10.3 was written in collaboration with Jacopo Andreotti and Denis Faruku.

References

  1. Alexandratos N, Bruinsma J (2012) World agriculture toward 2030/2015, the 2012 revision, ESA working paper n. 12–03. http://www.fao.org/3/a-ap106e.pdf. Accessed 18 Jan 2019
  2. Bing-Wei L, Hong-Ping Z, Xi-Qiao F (2011) Static and dynamic mechanical properties of cattle horns. Mater Sci Eng C 31:179–183.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2010.08.016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carbonaro C, Tedesco S, Thiebat F, Fantucci S, Serra V, Dutto M (2016) An integrated design approach to the development of a vegetal-based thermal plaster for the energy retrofit of buildings. Energ Build 124:46–59.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.03.063CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chabannes M, Garcia-Diaz E, Clerc L, Bénézet JC, Becquart F (2018) Lime hemp and rice husk-based concretes for building envelopes. Springer International PublishingGoogle Scholar
  5. Coop (2013) La sostenibilità delle carni bovine a Marchio Coop. Gli impatti economici, sociali ed ambientali della filiera delle carni. https://carnisostenibili.it/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/La-Sostenibilit%C3%A0-delle-carni-bovine-a-marchio-Coop-%E2%80%93-Gli-impatti-economici-sociali-ed-ambientali-della-filiera-delle-carni.pdf. Accessed 18 Jan 2019
  6. Decree 259/2017 of the Italian Ministry of the Environment (2017) Criteri ambientali minimi per l’affidamento di servizi di progettazione e lavori per la nuova costruzione, ristrutturazione e manutenzione di edifici pubblici. https://www.gazzettaufficiale.it/eli/id/2017/11/06/17A07439/sg. Accessed 9 July 2019
  7. Ebringerova A, Heromadkova Z, Kostalova Z, Sasinkova A (2008) Chemical valorization of agricultural by-products: isolation and characterization of xylan-based antioxidants from almond shell biomass. BioResources 3:60–70Google Scholar
  8. Ellen MacArthur Foundation, Granta (2015) Circularity indicators—an approach to measuring circularity—methodology. https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/assets/downloads/insight/Circularity-Indicators_Methodology_May2015.pdf. Accessed 18 Jan 2019
  9. Essabir H, Nekhlaoui S, Malha M, Bensalah MO, Arrakhiz FZ, Qaiss A, Bouhfid R (2013) Bio-composites based on polypropylene reinforced with almond shells particles: mechanical and thermal properties. Mater Design 51:225–230.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2013.04.031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. European Commission (2015) Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European economic and social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Closing the loop—an EU action plan for the circular economy, Brussels 2.12.2015. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52015DC0614. Accessed 18 Jan 2019
  11. FAO (2013) Food wastage footprint. Impacts on natural resources. http://www.fao.org/3/i3347e/i3347e.pdf. Accessed 18 Jan 2019
  12. Faustino J, Silva E, Pinto J, Soares E, Cunha VM, Soares S (2015) Lightweight concrete masonry units based on processed granulate of corn cob as aggregate. Mater Constr 65(318):1–11Google Scholar
  13. Gariano R (2016) CONCRICE: riciclo di un sottoprodotto vegetale in edilizia: uso della lolla di riso per la realizzazione di un calcestruzzo dalle alte prestazioni termiche. Master of Science thesis, tutors: Giordano R, Montacchini E, Tulliani JM. Politecnico di Torino http://opac.biblio.polito.it:80/F/?func=direct&doc_number=000233239&local_base=PTOW
  14. Giordano R (2010) I prodotti per l’edilizia sostenibile, Sistemi editorali EsselibriGoogle Scholar
  15. Kumar D, Rajendra Boopathy S (2014) Mechanical and thermal properties of horn fibre reinforced polypropylene composites. Procedia Eng 97:648–659.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.12.294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. ISTAT (2017) Tavole agricoltura e zootecnia: coltivazioni. http://agri.istat.it/sag_is_pdwout/jsp/NewDownload.jsp. Accessed 18 Jan 2019
  17. Italian Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies (2012) Piano del settore mandorle, noci, pistacchi e carrube 2012/2014. https://www.politicheagricole.it/flex/cm/pages/ServeBLOB.php/L/IT/IDPagina/5794. Accessed 18 Jan 2019
  18. Italian Ministry of the Environment (2017) Verso un modello di economia circolare per l’Italia. Documento di inquadramento e di posizionamento strategico. http://consultazione-economiacircolare.minambiente.it/sites/default/files/verso-un-nuovo-modello-di-economia-circolare_HR.pdf. Accessed 18 Jan 2019
  19. LEED (2013) Reference guide for building design and construction, US Green Building Council. https://www.usgbc.org/sites/all/assets/section/files/v4-guide-excerpts/Excerpt_v4_BDC.pdf. Accessed 18 Jan 2019
  20. Liu L, Li H, Lazzaretto A, Manente G, Tong C, Liu Q, Li N (2017) The development history and prospects of biomass-based insulation materials for buildings. Renew Sust Energ Rev 69:912–932.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.11.140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Liuzzi S, Sanarica S, Stefanizzi P (2017) Use of agro-wastes in building materials in the Mediterranean area: a review. Energy Procedia 126:242–249.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.08.147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Madurwar MV, Ralegaonkar RV, Mandavgane SA (2013) Application of agro-waste for sustainable construction materials: a review. Constr Build Mater 38:872–878.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.09.011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nasir M, Jawaid M, Tahir PM, Sia Keng R, Asim M, Khan TA (2019) Recent development in binderless fiber-board fabrication from agricultural residues: a review. Constr Build Mater 211(30):502–516.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.03.279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nguyen TLT, Hermansen JE, Mogensen L (2010) Environmental consequences of different beef production systems in the EU. J Clean Prod 18(8):756–766.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2009.12.023CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Outlook—Rebuild (2016) Innovare la riqualificazione e la gestione immobiliare. http://www.rebuilditalia.it/it/outlook-2016/. Accessed 18 Jan 2019
  26. Pauli G (2015) The blue economy version 2.0: 200 projects implemented, US $4 billion invested, 3 million jobs created. Academic FoundationGoogle Scholar
  27. Pinto J, Vieira B, Pereira H, Jacinto C, Vilela P, Paiva A, Varum H (2012) Corn cob lightweight concrete for non-structural applications. Constr Build Mater 34:346–351.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.02.043CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Prusty JK, Patro SK, Basarkar SS (2016) Concrete using agro-waste as fine aggregate for sustainable built environment—a review. Int J Sustain Built Environ 5(2):312–333.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsbe.2016.06.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Pirayesh H, Khazaeian A (2012) Using almond (Prunus amygdalus L.) shell as a bio-waste resource in wood based composite. Compos Part B Eng 43(3):1475–1479.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.06.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Raut SP, Ralegaonkar RV, Mandavgane SA (2011) Development of sustainable construction material using industrial and agricultural solid waste: a review of waste-create bricks. Constr Build Mater 25(10):4037–4042.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.04.038CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sarasso G (2007) Valutazione delle modalità operative dei cantieri di raccolta, di stoccaggio, trasporto, compresi i relativi costi della paglia di riso producibile nel comprensorio consortile, Technical ReportGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto Giordano
    • 1
  • Elena Montacchini
    • 1
  • Silvia Tedesco
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Architecture and DesignPolitecnico di TorinoTorinoItaly

Personalised recommendations