Infrastructural Projects and Land Use Conflicts in Developing and Developed Countries: A Study Based on Comparative Review of Literature and Different Case Studies
- 13 Downloads
Developmental projects like dams have consequences both positive and negative. The conflicts in these kinds of projects emerge with view of conflicts among land use types and conflicts among stakeholders. The article presents the comparative review of different studies related to land use conflicts due to infrastructural projects especially dams, in developing and developed countries. It is based on secondary source of information including previously published literature and national and regional dailies. It goes into the social, economic and environmental impacts of infrastructural projects mainly dams. It then discusses the two case studies one from developing country “Bhasha dam project, Pakistan,” and other from developed country “Sivens dam project, France,” and highlights the different issues and conflicts among different actors. Further, it analyzes the individual and common issues of these case studies in light of above-mentioned literature with a comparative point of view. Lack of participation of all stakeholders is a significant source of conflicts in both cases on ecological issues in case of Sivens dam project and on socioeconomic issues in case of Diamer Bhasha dam project.
KeywordsInfrastructural projects Conflicts Socioeconomic impacts Environmental impacts Developing and developed countries
- Ali, Z., & Nasir, A. (2010). Land Administration System in Pakistan: Current situation and stakeholders’ perception. In FIG Congress 2010, Facing the Challenges: Building the Capacity Sydney, Australia, 11–16 April. Retrieved from http://www.fig.net/resources/proceedings/fig_proceedings/fig2010/papers/fs03f/fs03f_ali_nasir_3901.pdf.
- Cooke, B., & Kothari, U. (2001). Participation: The new tyranny?. London: Zeb Books.Google Scholar
- Dams and Development. (2000). The report of the world commission on dams. Retrieved from http://www.unep.org/dams/WCD/report/WCD_DAMS%20report.pdf.
- Darly, S., & Torre, A. (2013). Conflicts over farmland uses and the dynamics of “agri-urban” localities in the Greater Paris Region: An empirical analysis based on daily regional press and field interviews. Land Use Policy, 33, 90–99.Google Scholar
- Flood, U. L. (1997). Sardar Sarovar dam: A case study of development-induced environmental displacement. Refuge, 16(3), 12–17.Google Scholar
- GOP. (2014). DiamerBhasha Dam Project. Pakistan: Water and Power Development Authority.Google Scholar
- Huber, S., & Horbaty, R. (2010). Social acceptance of wind energy. In International Energy Agency (IEA) Wind Task 28 Technical Report State of the Art-Report. IEA, Switzerland, 91 p.Google Scholar
- Huber, S., & Horbaty, R. (2013). Social acceptance of wind energy projects. In International Energy Agency (IEA) Recommended Practice Report 14. IEA, Switzerland, 39 p., http://www.socialacceptance.ch/images/RP14SocialAcceptanceFINAL.pdf.
- Magsi, H., & Torre, A. (2013). Approaches to understand land use conflicts in the developing countries. The Macrotheme Review, 2(1), 119–136.Google Scholar
- Magsi, H., & Torre, A. (2015). Land use conflicts and human development nexus: Proximity analysis. In A. K. Giri (Ed.), New Horizons of Human Development. Delhi: Studera Press.Google Scholar
- Mann, C., & Jeanneaux, P. (2009). Two approaches for understanding land use conflicts to improve rural planning and management. Journal of Rural and Community Development, 4(1), 118–141.Google Scholar
- Mc-Carthy, J. D., Mc-Phail, C., & Smith, J. (1996). Images of protest: Dimensions of selection bias in media coverage of Washington demonstrations, 1982-1991. American Sociological Review, 39, 101–112.Google Scholar
- Moran, T. (2004). The environmental and socio-economic impacts of hydroelectric dams in Turkish Kurdistan. Retrieved from http://rudar.ruc.dk/bitstream/1800/403/1/The_Environmental_and.pdf.
- Nilsson, K., & Nielsen, T. S. (2008). In Plurel (Ed.), Peri-urban land use relationships strategies and sustainability tools for urban rural linkages. Danish Centre for Forest, Landscape and Planning, University of Copenhagen.Google Scholar
- Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. (2016). Kohistan District at Glance. http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files//tables/District%20at%20a%20glance%20Kohistan.pdf. Accessed 30 June 2016.
- Pelletier, P. (2015). Sivens: The removal of the French territory by means of planning and development. https://www.jssj.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Sivens-Pelletier_EN.pdf.
- Schelling, T. (1960). The strategy of conflict. MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Scudder, T. (2005). The future of large dams: Dealing with social, environmental, institutional and political costs. Land Degradation and Development, 19(4), 466–467.Google Scholar
- Spray, C., Ball, T., & Rouillard, J. (2010). Bridging the water law, policy, science interface: Flood risk management in Scotland. Water Law, 20, 165–174.Google Scholar
- Sun, Q. (2013). Partial social cost benefit analysis of Three Gorges Dam: Impact assessment update and a greenhouse gas externality component study. Retrieved from http://dalspace.library.dal.ca/bitstream/handle/10222/42660/Sun-Qian-MA-ECOM-Dec-2013.pdf?sequence=1.
- Swain, A., & Chee, A. M. (2004). Political structure and ‘Dam’ conflicts: Comparing cases in Southeast Asia. Retrieved from: http://www.worldwatercouncil.org/fileadmin/wwc/Library/Publications_and_reports/Proceedings_Water_Politics/proceedings_waterpol_pp.95-114.pdf.
- Vignon, N. P., & Lecomte, H. B. S. (2004). Land, violent conflict and development. OECD Development Centre, Working Paper No. 233. https://www.oecd.org/dev/29740608.pdf. Accessed 30 June 2016.
- WCD. (2000). The report of the world commission on dams. Dams and Development. http://www.unep.org/dams/WCD/report/WCD_DAMS%20report.pdf. Accessed 30 June 2016.
- Williams, A., & Porter, S. (2006). Comparison of hydropower options for developing countries with regard to the environmental, social and economic aspects. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Renewable Energy for Developing Countries-2006. http://www.udc.edu/docs/cere/Williams_Porter.pdf. Accessed 30 June 2016.
Main Articles from National and Regional Dailies
- Dawn. (2008). Diamer-Bhasha dam: Risks and controversies. Accessed on 28 July, 2017. http://www.dawn.com/news/330268/diamer-bhasha-dam-risks-and-controversies.
- Dawn. (2006, April 27). All reservoirs will be built: Musharraf: Diamer-Bhasha dam project launched. http://www.dawn.com/news/189653/all-reservoirs-will-be-built-musharraf-diamer-bhasha-dam-project-launched. Accessed 30 June 2016.
- GB Tribune. (2010, February 19). Police opened fire at Bhasha Dam protesters, 3 killed, 4 injured. http://gbtribune.blogspot.fr/2010/02/police-opened-fire-at-bhasha-dam.html. Accessed 30 June 2016.
- Mir, S. (2012, June 14). Diamer-Bhasha Dam compensation: Affected people threaten to bulldoze dam’s structures. The Express Tribune. http://tribune.com.pk/story/393243/diamer-bhasha-dam-compensation-affected-people-threaten-to-bulldoze-dams-structures/. Accessed 30 June 2016.
- PAMIRTIMES. (2015, October 22). Diamer-Bhasha Dam affectees protest in Chilas—Video report. http://pamirtimes.net/2015/10/22/diamer-bhasha-dam-affectees-protest-in-chilas-video-report/. Accessed 30 June 2016.
- RFI. (27 October 2014). Man dies in French anti-dam protest. http://en.rfi.fr/visiting-france/20141027-Man-dies-in-French-anti-dam-protest. Accessed 12 August 2017.
- The Economist. (2014, November 8). The dam bursts. https://www.economist.com/news/europe/21631131-protesters-death-widens-split-between-socialists-and-greens-dam-bursts. Accessed 12 August 2017.
- The Guardian. (31 October 2014). France halts Sivens dam construction after protester’s death. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/oct/31/france-halts-sivens-dam-protester-death. Accessed 12 August 2017.