Psychosocial Consequences and Symptoms

  • Julia Henke
Part of the Life Course Research and Social Policies book series (LCRS, volume 11)


This is the final chapter of Part III ‘Prevalence of Economic Vulnerability Among Swiss Pensioners’ that presents a descriptive analysis of our sample population. It provides the background for more complex multivariate analyses by systematically exploring the relationship between a series of potential explanatory variables and the three dependent measures of economic vulnerability: Monthly income below CHF 2400.- (Objective Measure/Income Poverty), Difficulties in making ends meet with monthly income (Self-Assessed Measure/Economic Strain) and Worries about not having enough money for current expenses (Perceived Measure/Economic Stress). Our theoretical model posits that, in addition to the direct relationship between self-assessed economic strain on economic stress, this effect is moderated by Psychosocial Symptoms and Consequences: it is thought that, at the same level of difficulties in making ends meet, the experience of role strains and a diminished self-concept is likely to increase the probability of higher levels of economic stress. The variable block ‘Psychosocial Symptoms and Consequences’ encompasses social isolation, such as a low frequency of contact with friends and family via phone calls or visits, a frequent feeling of loneliness, and symptoms of a sense of diminishment, expressed in negative statements about one’s self, and lastly, the perceived level of mastery or sense of control over life.


  1. Pearlin, L. I., Menaghan, E. G., Lieberman, M. A., & Mullan, J. T. (1981). The stress process. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 22(4), 337–356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia Henke
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations