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Characterization of Rubber Seed Oil Modified for Biolubricant Feedstock Application

  • Farouk U. MohammedEmail author
  • Isiaka O. Bakare
  • Felix E. Okieimen
Conference paper
  • 481 Downloads
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)

Abstract

Rubber seed oil as a non-edible oil is a potential cheap source for biolubricant feedstock. In this study, the oil is modified to improve the inherent properties limiting its applicability. Preparations of samples were carried out by epoxidizing the oil, simultaneously opening the oxirane ring and transesterification, and finally acetylation. A significant decrease was observed in the iodine value after epoxidation. The prepared products from each stage showed viscosities greater than ISO VG 46 requirement for hydraulic oils and are within the range of ISO VG 150 and ISO VG 220 for extreme pressure gear oils and slide way oils, respectively. Their relatively high viscosities at high temperature and high viscosity indices make them suitable for high temperature and wide temperature range application. Their low-temperature application prospects are fairly good due to their relatively high pour point values. Hence, they require pour point depressant to enhance their low-temperature applicability.

Keywords

Biolubricant Rubber seed oil Vegetable oil Viscosity index Renewable resources 

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Farouk U. Mohammed
    • 1
    Email author
  • Isiaka O. Bakare
    • 1
  • Felix E. Okieimen
    • 2
  1. 1.Product Development DivisionRubber Research Institute of NigeriaBenin CityNigeria
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of BeninBenin CityNigeria

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