Designing Deep Neural Network with Chicken Swarm Optimization for Violence Video Classification Using VSD2014 Dataset

  • Ashikin AliEmail author
  • Norhalina Senan
  • Iwan Tri Riyadi Yanto
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 978)


In this paper, a violence video classification model based on deep neural network (DNN) with chicken swarm optimization (CSO) is proposed. Violence is a self-sufficient attribute, the contents that one would not be favorable to see in movies or web videos. This is a challenging problem due to strong content variations among the positive instances of violence. Currently, deep neural network has shown its efficiency in various field that relevant to its implementation and attracts plenty of researchers in awe. However, conservative deep neural network has limitations and a tendency to easily fall into local minima. Regardless of the conventional methods applied to overcome this issue, but these techniques seem insufficiently accurate and does not adopt well to certain webs or user needs. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to assess the classification performances on violence video using Deep Neural Network with Chicken Swarm Optimization (DNNCSO). Hence, in this paper different architectures of hidden layers in DNN have been implemented using the try-error method and the importance of the parameters to examine the effect of the number of hidden layers to the classification performance. The algorithm is evaluated based on error convergence and accuracy. The results have proved the effectiveness of the proposed method up to 77–79% as compared to the conventional DNN which holds 63%. Based on the promising outcome of proposed method, in future the study intended to work on improvised bio-inspired algorithm possibly with different domains and relevant features.


Deep neural network Chicken swarm optimization Violence classification 



This research funded by Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) under the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS) – Vot. No. 1608. Besides, the research is also backed by Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashikin Ali
    • 1
    Email author
  • Norhalina Senan
    • 1
  • Iwan Tri Riyadi Yanto
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Computer Science and Information TechnologyUniversiti Tun Hussein Onn MalaysiaBatu PahatMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of Mathematics and Natural SciencesAhmad Dahlan UniversityYogyakartaIndonesia

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