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Ordered Colloidal Crystals Fabrication and Studies on the Properties of Poly (Styrene–Butyl Acrylate–Acrylic Acid) and Polystyrene Latexes

  • I. H. IfijenEmail author
  • E. U. IkhuoriaEmail author
  • S. O. Omorogbe
  • A. I. Aigbodion
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)

Abstract

Monodisperse poly(styrene–butyl acrylate–acrylic acid) (P(St–BA–AA)) and polystyrene (PS) colloidal suspensions were prepared using emulsion polymerization technique with a view to study their variation in properties. The P(St–BA–AA) latex had a slightly lower glass transition temperature (Tg) (106 °C) compared to the PS microspheres (104 °C). TEM analysis revealed a core-shell morphology in the P(St–BA–AA) latex particles, as compared to the PS particles. The synthesized latex suspensions were used to fabricate mono- and binary-sized colloidal crystals via the evaporation-induced self-assembly approach. SEM/AFM analyses showed spherically shaped particles that readily assemble into a closely-packed three dimensional highly periodic pattern with hexagonal symmetry. Also, the smaller sized P(St–BA–AA) particles (197.3 nm) in the binary crystals arranged themselves in a well-ordered manner around the larger sized PS particles (404.9 nm). The results showed that the modification made on the functional group of PS by polymerizing with butyl acrylate and acrylic acid produced P(St–BA–AA) latex with more improved properties compared to the as-synthesized PS.

Keywords

Poly(styrene–butyl acrylate–acrylic acid) Butyl acrylate Acrylic acid Colloidal crystals, binary colloidal crystal 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This investigation was supported by the World Academy of Sciences (TWAS). The authors also wish to appreciate Mr. and Mrs. Ifijen for their support.

Competing Interests

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Product Development LaboratoryRubber Research Institute of NigeriaBenin CityNigeria
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of BeninBenin CityNigeria

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