Processing, Properties and Potential Applications of Magnesium Alloy-Based Nanocomposites: A Review

  • Sravya TekumallaEmail author
  • Manoj Gupta
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)


Strong, ductile, lightweight, biocompatible and non-toxic materials are the need of the hour for metal-based industries such as aerospace, automotive, electronics and biomedical sectors. Magnesium-based materials, due to their lightweight, excellent dimensional stability and mechanical integrity, have a tremendous potential to replace the existing commercial Al, Ti alloys and steels currently being used. Due to these attractive qualities of magnesium, there has been a spurt in the quest of a variety of magnesium materials targeting different functionalities. One subset of magnesium-based materials is magnesium alloy-based nanocomposites that exhibit advantages of both magnesium alloys and magnesium nanocomposites. There has been advancement in this field through careful selection of alloying elements and reinforcement and optimization to obtain the best combination of properties. Accordingly, this paper will focus on the recent developments of magnesium alloy-based nanocomposites capable of replacing conventional materials in multiple engineering and biomedical applications.


Magnesium Alloy nanocomposites Microstructure Properties 


  1. 1.
    Gupta M (2018) Global emergence and significance of magnesium/technology. Mater Sci Res India 15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tekumalla S, Nandigam Y, Bibhanshu N, Rajashekara S, Yang C, Suwas S, Gupta M (2018) A strong and deformable in-situ magnesium nanocomposite igniting above 1000 ℃. Sci Rep 8:7038. Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gupta M (2017) An insight into the capability of composite technology to enable magnesium to spread its wings in engineering and biomedical applications. SOJ Mater Sci Eng 5:1–2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gupta M, Wong WLE (2015) Magnesium-based nanocomposites: lightweight materials of the future. Mater Charact 105:30–46. Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tekumalla S, Shabadi R, Yang C, Seetharaman S, Gupta M (2017) Strengthening due to the in-situ evolution of ß1′ Mg–Zn rich phase in a ZnO nanoparticles introduced Mg–Y alloy. Scripta Mater 133:29–32. Scholar
  6. 6.
    Parande G, Manakari V, Meenashisundaram GK, Gupta M (2017) Enhancing the tensile and ignition response of monolithic magnesium by reinforcing with silica nanoparticulates. J Mater Res 32:2169–2178. Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tekumalla S, Gupta M (2017) An insight into ignition factors and mechanisms of magnesium based materials: a review. Mater Des 113:84–98. Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tekumalla S, Gupta M, Min KH (2018) Using CaO Nanoparticles to improve mechanical and ignition response of Magnesium. Curr Nanomater 3:44–51. Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dieringa H (2018) Processing of magnesium-based metal matrix Nanocomposites by ultrasound-assisted particle dispersion: a review. Metals 8, Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chen L-Y, Xu J-Q, Choi H, Pozuelo M, Ma X, Bhowmick S, Yang J-M, Mathaudhu S, Li X-C (2015) Processing and properties of magnesium containing a dense uniform dispersion of nanoparticles. Nature 528:539–543., Scholar
  11. 11.
    Matin MA, Lu L, Gupta M (2001) Investigation of the reactions between boron and titanium compounds with magnesium. Scripta Mater 45:479–486. Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chelliah NM, Singh H, Surappa MK (2017) Microstructural evolution and strengthening behavior in in-situ magnesium matrix composites fabricated by solidification processing. Mater Chem Phys 194:65–76. Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mounib M, Pavese M, Badini C, Lefebvre W, Dieringa H (2014) Reactivity and microstructure of Al2O3-reinforced magnesium-matrix composites. Adv Mater Sci Eng 2014:6. Scholar
  14. 14.
    Chen Y, Tekumalla S, Guo YB, Gupta M (2016) Introducing Mg−4Zn−3Gd−1Ca/ZnO nanocomposite with compressive strengths matching/exceeding that of mild steel. Sci Rep 6:32395. Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tekumalla S, Bibhanshu N, Suwas S, Gupta M (2019) Superior ductility in magnesium alloy-based nanocomposites: the crucial role of texture induced by nanoparticles. J Mater Sci 54:8711–8718CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tekumalla S, Farhan N, Srivatsan TS, Gupta M (2016) Nano-ZnO particles’ effect in improving the mechanical response of Mg−3Al−0.4Ce Alloy. Metals 6:276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
    Czerwinski F (2014) Controlling the ignition and flammability of magnesium for aerospace applications. Corros Sci 86:1–16. Scholar
  19. 19.
    Han G, Chen D, Chen G, Huang J (2018) Development of non-flammable high strength extruded Mg–Al–Ca–Mn alloys with high Ca/Al ratio. J Mater Sci Technol 34:2063–2068. Scholar
  20. 20.
    Liu M, Shih DS, Parish C, Atrens A (2012) The ignition temperature of Mg alloys WE43, AZ31 and AZ91. Corros Sci 54:139–142. Scholar
  21. 21.
    Tekumalla S, Yang C, Seetharaman S, Wong WLE, Goh CS, Shabadi R, Gupta M (2016) Enhancing overall static/dynamic/damping/ignition response of magnesium through the addition of lower amounts (<2%) of yttrium. J Alloy Compd 689:350–358. Scholar
  22. 22.
    Joost WJ, Krajewski PE (2017) Towards magnesium alloys for high-volume automotive applications. Scripta Mater 128:107–112. Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kulekci MK (2008) Magnesium and its alloys applications in automotive industry. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 39:851–865. Scholar
  24. 24.
    Gupta MGaN (2017) Utilizing magnesium based materials to reduce green house gas emissions in aerospace sectors. Aeronaut Aerosp Open Access J, 1Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Landkof B (2006) Magnesium applications in aerospace and electronic industries. Magnesium Alloys Appl. Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gupta M (2018) A snapshot of remarkable potential of mg-based materials as implants. Mater Sci Eng Int J 2:30–33. Scholar
  27. 27.
    Gupta MGaS (2017) The promise of magnesium based materials in electromagnetic shielding. Jupiter Online J Mater Sci 2.
  28. 28.
    Shahin M, Munir K, Wen C, Li Y (2019) Magnesium matrix nanocomposites for orthopedic applications: a review from mechanical, corrosion, and biological perspectives. Acta Biomater 96:1–19. Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations