Depression and Anxiety in Children
This chapter reviews information about co-occurring anxiety and depression. There is a genetic predisposition for both of these mental health problems. Learning and parental behaviors also can influence the development of these disorders. A focus is to discuss treatment of symptoms to improve child functioning. Cognitive-behavioral techniques, including reframing negative thoughts with more positive ones and positive self-talk, can be helpful intervention techniques. Involvement in more social activities and graded exposure to overcome fears may be other interventions. Parental involvement in teaching new ways of thinking and acting may improve the success of treatment. School-based prevention programs are also reviewed. A case study involving peer bullying and depression for an anxious youth is presented. Interventions included using relaxation, an anxiety hierarchy, improving social involvement, and enhancing family communication.
KeywordsDepression Withdrawal Transdiagnositc EMOTION Program Brief behavioral therapy Friends for Life Program Multi-Family Psychoeducational Therapy
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