The Application of Bus Rapid Transit System in the City of Baquba and Its Impact on Reducing Daily Trips
This research deals with traffic jams in the city of Baquba and tries to find solutions that contribute to reducing the intensity of this congestion. The main objective of this research is to reduce traffic congestion in the city. Therefore, the study assumes that the application of the Bus Rapid Transit BRT will decrease the trips time in particular and the suffering associated with congestion in general. In this research, the BRT system proposed in the form of a two-way axis running from the eastern side of the intersections of Kanaan and Mafraq to the University of Diyala with a length of nearly 20 km.
The conclusions of this study present the most relevant outcomes: which is the possibility of converting people from using private transport to using public transport (BRT), which will reduce the use of private vehicles to about 50%, as well as it will shorten the time of trips and accessibility. Also, raise the level of road service to about 40%.
KeywordsBaquba Transportation Bus Rapid Transit BRT Level of service
- 1.Marte, C.L., Yoshioka, L.R., Medeiros, J.E.L., Sakurai, C.A., Fontana, C.F.: Intelligent transportation system for bus rapid transit corridors (ITS4BRT). Recent. Adv. Electr. Eng. 23, 242–249 (2013)Google Scholar
- 2.American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO): National Transportation Communications for ITS – The NTCIP Guide – NTCIP 9001 version v 04, Washington, p. 141, July 2009Google Scholar
- 3.Broaddus, A., Litman, T., Menon, G.: Transportation Demand Management, Eschborn, Germany, p. 4, April (2009)Google Scholar
- 4.Cervero, R.: The Transit Metropolis: A Global Inquiry. Island Press, Washington, D.C. (1998)Google Scholar
- 5.Wright, L., Hook, W.: Bus Rapid Transit Planning Guide, 3rd edn. Institute for Transportation & Development Policy, New York (2007)Google Scholar
- 6.Cervero, R.: Bus Rapid Transit (BRT): an efficient and competitive mode of public transport. IURD Working Paper 2013–01 (2013)Google Scholar
- 8.Pushkarev, B., Zupan, J.: Public Transportation and Land Use Policy. Indiana University Press, Bloomington (1977)Google Scholar
- 10.Curitiba: Story of a City. https://www.yesmagazine.org/issues/cities-of-exuberance/curitiba-story-of-a-city
- 11.How Curitiba’s BRT stations sparked a transport revolution – a history of cities in 50 buildings, day 43. https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2015/may/26/curitiba-brazil-brt-transport-revolution-history-cities-50-buildings
- 12.Municipality of Baquba, Aerial photograph of the city of Baqubah, MSD extension (2018)Google Scholar
- 13.Prayogi, L.: Technical characteristics of bus rapid transit (BRT) systems that influence urban development, dissertation of Master of Urban Planning, The University of Auckland, 30 October 2015Google Scholar
- 14.Litman, T.: Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis II – Congestion Costs, Victoria Transport Policy Institute VTPI, United States of America, p. 6 (2012)Google Scholar