The Impact of Cities’ Spatial Planning on the Development of a Sustainable Urban Transport

  • Grzegorz DydkowskiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1091)


Sustainable development of cities, including also sustainable development of urban transport, starts already at the stage of city planning and spatial planning, adoption of specific assumptions in the field of spatial development intensity and functional-spatial structures of the city. At the moment decisions are made on the amount of utilised resources, such as the land, on the expenditure on the city transport infrastructure, or the size of transport needs and the consumption of energy related to transport. Intensive spatial development of urban areas in general reduces the demand for individual transport making them on foot, by bicycle, or by public transport. On the other hand suburbanisation processes existing universally result in increased demand for the road infrastructure and force the necessity to use personal cars. This paper made an attempt to present the relationship between social-economic and spatial structure transformations, the population density and intensity of cities development, and the use of infrastructure and the way of providing by the urban transport. In particular it is necessary to pursue implementation of solutions increasing the utilisation of the existing infrastructure and relationships between the mentioned phenomena occurring in cities and in suburban areas and the division of transport tasks and the effectiveness of the public transport.


Urban transport system Spatial management of cities Sustainable urban development 


  1. 1.
    Newman, P., Kenworthy, J.: Sustainability and Cities. Overcoming Automobile Dependence. Island Press, Washington D.C. (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Newman, P., Kenworthy, J.: Urban design to reduce automobile dependence. Opolis 2(1), 35–52 (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Koncepcja Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania Kraju 2030, uchwała nr 239 Rady Ministrów z dnia 13 grudnia 2011 w sprawie przyjęcia Koncepcji Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania Kraju 2030, Monitor Polski z dnia 27 kwietnia 2012, poz. 252. (in Polish)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    The Green Paper Towards a new culture for urban mobility, Commission of the European Communities, Brussels, on 25.0.2007, COM(2007) 551 final; Together towards competitive and resource-efficient urban mobility, Communication From The Commission To The European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic And Social Committee And The Committee Of The Regions, Brussels, 17 December 2013 COM(2013) 913 finalGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Stangel, M.: Kształtowanie współczesnych obszarów miejskich w kontekście zrównoważonego rozwoju. Wydawnictwo Politechniki Śląskiej, Gliwice (2013). (in Polish)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Koźlak, A.: Kierunki zmian w planowaniu rozwoju transportu w miastach jako efekt dążenia do zrównoważonego rozwoju. Transport Miejski i Regionalny 7(8), 39–43 (2009). (in Polish)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pressl, R., Reiter, K.: Transport behaviour management, Research for Sustainable Mobility, European Commission 2003.
  8. 8.
    Ahrens, G., Shone, M.: Integrated transport planning leads to mobility management visions for cross-border co-operation. In: ECOMN 2006 Conference Paper, Groming (2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Achieving Sustainable Transport and Land Use with Integrated Policies, Final Report, Transplus, European Commission (2003)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Heffner, K.: Proces suburbanizacji a polityka miejska w Polsce. (in Polish)
  11. 11.
    Transport a zagospodarowanie przestrzenne. Wyniki finansowanych przez UE prac badawczych w dziedzinie transportu miejskiego (2003). (in Polish)
  12. 12.
    Internet website of the General Directorate of National Roads and Motorways.
  13. 13.
    Bovy, P.H.: Integracja planowania urbanistycznego i transportu a bardziej zrównoważony rozwój ruchliwości. Biuletyn Komunikacji Miejskiej 58 (2001). (in Polish)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Newman, P., Kenworthy, J.: Cities and Automobile Dependence: An International Sourcebook. Gower Publishing (1989)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Transport, Faculty of EconomicsUniversity of Economics in Katowice, Metropolitan Transport Authority (ZTM)KatowicePoland

Personalised recommendations