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Visual Attention Analysis During Program Debugging Using Virtual Reality Eye Tracker

  • Chun-Chia WangEmail author
  • Jason C. Hung
  • Shih-Cheng Wang
  • Yueh-Min Huang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11937)

Abstract

The immersion of virtual reality (VR) has transcended the existing experience of multimedia teaching. This paper aims to design a virtual reality eye tracker device to analyze the cognitive process of program debugging by adopting virtual reality technology to build a 3D code rendering system and, at the same time, using eye tracking technology to study visual attention as well as to analyze and compare the differences in internal behavioral cognition in terms of program debugging. This paper has 32 students as participants who have studied C++ programming language courses for more than one year in the department of computer science. With Unity 3D development tool, the experiment creates a virtual classroom scene and C++ programming language code. The participants’ eye movements are recorded by an eye tracker device integrated in a Head-Mounted Display (HMD). The eye movement defines the regions of interest (ROIs) according to the division of the program’s function, and the difference in visual attention between various ROIs in the code is discussed when the participant performs the program debugging task. The finding results are expected to improve the dilemma of the existing programming teaching, so that the instructors can provide appropriate teaching aids for students to achieve the purpose of programming teaching and improving the students’ programming competence.

Keywords

Virtual reality Eye movement analysis Program debugging Visual behavior 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chun-Chia Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jason C. Hung
    • 2
  • Shih-Cheng Wang
    • 3
  • Yueh-Min Huang
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Information and DesignChang Jung Christian UniversityTainanChina
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and Information EngineeringNational Taichung University of Science and TechnologyTaichungChina
  3. 3.Department of Engineering ScienceNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanChina

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