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Safety Evaluation and Assessment of Gases for Food Applications

  • Pasqualina Laganà
  • Giovanni Campanella
  • Paolo Patanè
  • Maria Assunta Cava
  • Salvatore Parisi
  • Maria Elsa Gambuzza
  • Santi Delia
  • Maria Anna Coniglio
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science book series (BRIEFSMOLECULAR)

Abstract

Food gases are used in the food industry as ‘ingredients’, ‘technological aids’, or ‘food additives’. Anyway, these substances are in contact with foods and beverages. As a result, food security has to be assured with reference to food gases. On these bases, and because of the evident identification of gases used for food applications as ‘food’, each food gas producer is certainly a food business operator, similar to all players in the food supply chain. The hygienic approach imposes to consider food gases as a single component for food and/or beverage productions. The hazard analysis and critical control points strategy is needed and mandatory in this situation. However, food technologists, biologists, chemists, hygiene experts, and other experienced professionals can have their own opinion in the ambit of safety evaluation and assessment. Consequently, this chapter would give readers some idea in relation to risk assessment of food gases in connection with their European classification as foaming agents, packaging gases, propellants, or raising substances.

Keywords

Foaming agent Modified atmosphere packaging Packaging gas Risk assessment Propellant Raising agent Toxicology 

Abbreviations

Ar

Argon

CO2

Carbon dioxide

DMDC

Dimethyl dicarbonate

EFSA

European Food Safety Authority

EU

European Union

FBO

Food business operator

FG

Food gases

HACCP

Hazard analysis and critical control points

MAP

Modified atmosphere packaging

N2

Nitrogen

O2

Oxygen

RASFF

Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pasqualina Laganà
    • 1
  • Giovanni Campanella
    • 1
  • Paolo Patanè
    • 1
  • Maria Assunta Cava
    • 2
  • Salvatore Parisi
    • 3
  • Maria Elsa Gambuzza
    • 4
  • Santi Delia
    • 1
  • Maria Anna Coniglio
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional ImagingUniversity of MessinaMessinaItaly
  2. 2.University Hospital Santa Maria della MisericordiaUdineItaly
  3. 3.Al-Balqa Applied UniversityAl-SaltJordan
  4. 4.Territorial Office of MessinaItalian Ministry of HealthMessinaItaly
  5. 5.Department of Medical, Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies “GF Ingrassia”University of CataniaCataniaItaly

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