Advertisement

Deglacial to Paraglacial History of the Lake Saint-Jean Lowlands: A Geomorphological Perspective

  • Alexis NutzEmail author
  • Patrick Lajeunesse
  • Jean-François Ghienne
  • Mathieu Schuster
  • Etienne Brouard
  • Pierre Dietrich
  • Frédéric Bouchette
  • Claude Roquin
  • Pierre A. Cousineau
Chapter
  • 45 Downloads
Part of the World Geomorphological Landscapes book series (WGLC)

Abstract

The Lake Saint-Jean lowland is a particular area in eastern Canada as it constitutes an important Late Quaternary depocenter compared with other surrounding onshore regions. Here, the recent literature about the Late Quaternary history of the Lake Saint-Jean depocenter from the glaciated period to present-day is summarized; subsequently, we present some preserved landscape features that record such history.

Keywords

Late Quaternary Deglacial Paraglacial Lake Saint-Jean Depocenter 

References

  1. Andersson-Sköld Y, Torrance JK, Lind B, Odén K, Stevens RL, Rankka K (2005) Quick clay-a case study of chemical perspective in Southwest Sweden. Eng Geol 82:107–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ashton AD, Murray AB, Arnoult O (2001) Formation of coastline features by large-scale instabilities induced by high-angle waves. Nature 414:296–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Billy J, Robin N, Hein C, Certain R, FitzGerald D (2015) Insight into the late Holocene sea-level changes in the NW Atlantic from a paraglacial beach-ridge plain south of Newfoundland. Geomorphology 248:134–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bird E (ed) (2008) Coastal Geomorphology: an introduction, 2nd edn. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  5. Bouchette F, Manna M, Montalvo P, Nutz A, Schuster M, Ghienne J-F (2014) Growth of cuspate spits. J Coastal Res 70:47–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brennand TA (2000) Deglacial meltwater drainage and glaciodynamics: inferences from Laurentide eskers, Canada. Geomorphology 32:263–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ceramicola S, Rebesco M, De Batist M, Khlystov O (2001) Seismic evidence of small-scale lacustrine drifts in Lake Baïkal (Russia). Mar Geophys Res 22:445–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chagnon J-Y (1968) Les coulées d’argiles dans la province de Québec. Nat Can 95:1327–1343Google Scholar
  9. Clark ChD (1993) Mega-scale glacial lineations and cross-cutting ice-flow landforms. Earth Surf Proc Land 18:1–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Côté D, Dubois J-M, Nadeau L (1990) Les dunes du Québec méridionale: contribution à l’étude des vents dominants durant l’Holocène. Can Geogr 34:49–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cousineau PA, Longuépée H (2003) Lower Paleozoic configuration of the Quebec reentrant based on improved along-strike paleogeography. Can J Earth Sci 40:207–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cumming DI, Gorrell G, Guilbault J-P, Hunter JA, Logan Ch, Ponomarenko D, Pugin J-M, Pullan SE, Russell HAJ, Sharpe DR (2011) Sequence stratigraphy of a glaciated basin fill, with a focus on esker sedimentation. Geol Soc Am Bull 123:1478–1496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Daigneault R-A, Cousineau PA, Leduc E, Beaudoin G, Milette S, Horth N, Roy DW, Lamothe M, Allard G (2011) Rapport final sur les travaux de cartographie des formations superficielles réalisés dans le territoire municipalisé du Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (Québec) entre 2009 et 2011. Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, GM 65970Google Scholar
  14. Dietrich P, Ghienne J-F, Lajeunesse P, Normandeau A (2017) Reconstructing ice-margin retreat using delta morphostratigraphy. Sci Rep 7:16936CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dionne J-C (1972) La dénomination des mers du postglaciaire au Québec. Cahiers de Géographie du Québec 16:483–487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dyke AS (2004) An outline of North American deglaciation with emphasis on central and northern Canada. In: Ehlers J, Gibbard PL, Hughes PD (eds) Quaternary glaciations—extent and chronology, part II: North America. Dev Quat Sci 371–406Google Scholar
  17. Faugères J-C, Stow DAV, Imbert P, Viana A (1999) Seismic features diagnostic of contourite drifts. Mar Geol 162:1–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Fulton RJ, Karrow PF, LaSalle P, Grant DR (1986) Summary of quaternary stratigraphy and history, eastern Canada. Quat Sci Rev 5:211–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gilli A, Anselmetti FS, Ariztegui D, Beres M, Mckenzie JA, Markgraf V (2005) Seismic stratigraphy, buried beach ridges and contourite drifts: the Late Quaternary history of the closed Lago Cardiel basin, Argentina (49°S). Sedimentology 52:1–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Johnson TC, Carlson TW, Evans JE (1980) Contourites in Lake Superior. Geology 8:437–441CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kehew AE, Piotrowski JA, Jorgensen F (2012) Tunnel valleys: concepts and controversies—a review. Earth Sci Rev 113:33–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kumarapeli PS (1985) Vestige of Iapetan Rifting in the Craton West of the Northern Appalachians. Geosci Can 12:54–59Google Scholar
  23. La Rochelle P, Lefebvre G, Bilodeau PM (1977) The stabilization of a slide in Saint-Jérôme, Lac Saint-Jean. Can Geotech J 14:340–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. La Rochelle P, Chagnon JY, Lefebvre G (1970) Regional geology and landslides in the marine clay deposits of eastern Canada. Can Geotech J 7:145–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Laverdière C, Mailloux A (1956) Etat de nos connaissances d’une transgression marine post-glaciaire dans les régions du Haut-Saguenay et du Lac Saint-Jean. Rev Géogr Montr 10:201–220Google Scholar
  26. Manley PL, Manley TO, Hayo K, Cronin T (2012) Small-scale lacustrine drifts in Lake Champlain, Vermont. J Great Lakes Res 38:88–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Nutz A, Schuster M, Ghienne J-F, Roquin C, Bouchette F (2018) Wind-driven waterbodies: a new category of lake within an alternative sedimentologically-based lake classification. J Paleolimnol 1–11 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10933-016-9894-2.
  28. Nutz A, Ghienne JF, Schuster M, Roquin C, Bouchette F, Cousineau PA (2015a) Forced regressive deposits within a deglaciation sequence: example of the Late Quaternary succession in the Lake Saint-Jean basin (Québec, Canada). Sedimentology 62:1573–1610CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Nutz A, Schuster M, Ghienne JF, Roquin C, Hay M, Rétif F, Certain R, Robin N, Cousineau PA, Bouchette F (2015b) Wind-driven bottom currents and related sedimentary bodies in the Lake Saint-Jean (Québec, Canada). Geol Soc Am Bull 127:1194–1208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nutz A, Ghienne J-F, Schuster M, Certain R, Robin N, Roquin C, Raynal O, Bouchette F, Duringer Ph, Cousineau P (2014) Seismic-stratigraphic record of a deglaciation sequence: from the marine Laflamme Gulf to the Lake Saint-Jean (Late Quaternary, Québec Province, Canada). Boreas 43:309–329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nutz A (2013) La déglaciation du bassin du Lac Saint-Jean (Wisconsinien/Holocène, Québec, Canada) enregistrement d’une régression forcée glacio-isostatique et de l’hydrodynamique d’un système fermé contrôlé par le vent. Dissertation, Université de StrasbourgGoogle Scholar
  32. Ó Cofaigh C, Stokes CR, Lian OB, Clark CD, Tulacyzk S (2013) Formation of mega-scale glacial lineations on the Dubawnt Lake Ice Stream bed: 2. Sedimentology and stratigraphy. Quat Sci Rev 77:210–227Google Scholar
  33. Occhietti S, Parent M, Lajeunesse P, Robert F, Govare E (2011) Late Pleistocene-early Holocene decay of the Laurentide ice sheet in Québec-Labrador. In: Ehlers J, Gibbard PL, Hughes PD (eds) Quaternary glaciations—extent and chronology, part II: a closer look. Dev Quat Sci 15:601–630Google Scholar
  34. Occhietti S (2007) The Saint-Narcisse morainic complex and early Younger Dryas events on the southeastern margin of the Laurentide ice sheet. Géogr Phys Quat 61:89–117Google Scholar
  35. Occhietti S, Govare E, Klassen R, Parent M, Vincent J-S (2004) Late Wisconsinan Early Holocene deglaciation of Québec-Labrador. In: Ehlers J, Gibbard PL, Hughes PD (eds) Quaternary glaciations—extent and chronology, part II North America. Dev Quat Sci 2:243–273Google Scholar
  36. Occhietti S, Parent M, Shilts WW, Dionne J-C, Govare E, Harmand D (2001) Late Wisconsinan glacial dynamics, deglaciation, and marine invasion in southern Quebec. Geol Soc Am SP 351:243–273Google Scholar
  37. Perkins AJ, Brennand TA, Burke MJ (2016) Towards a morphogenetic classification of eskers: Implications for modelling ice sheet hydrology. Quat Sci Rev 134:19–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Randazzo G, Jackson DWT, Cooper JAG (2015) Sand and gravel spits. Coastal Research Library, vol 12. Springer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  39. Roy DW, Beaudoin G, Leduc É, Rouleau A, Walter J, Chesnaux R, Cousineau PA (2011) Isostasie postglaciaire différentielle au lac-Saint-Jean (Québec). GeoHydro 2011, Joint Meeting of Canadian Quaternary Association (CANQUA) and Canadian Chapter of the International Association of Hydrogeologists (IAH-CNC), Quebec City, 28–31 August 2011Google Scholar
  40. Schuster M, Nutz A (2017) Lacustrine wave-dominated clastic shorelines: modern to ancient littoral landforms and deposits from the Lake Turkana Basin (East African Rift System. J Paleolimnol, Kenya). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10933-017-9960-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Shaw J, Gareau P, Courtney RC (2002) Palaeogeography of Atlantic Canada 13-0 kyr. Quat Sci Rev 21:1861–1878CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Stokes CR, Spagnolo M, Clark CD, O Cofaigh C, Lian OB, Dunstone RB (2013) Formation of mega-scale glacial lineations on the Dubawnt Lake Ice Stream bed: 1. Size, shape and spacing from a large remote sensing dataset. Quat Sci Rev 77:190–209Google Scholar
  43. Storrar RD, Stokes ChR, Vans DJA (2014) Increased channelization of subglacial drainage during the deglaciation of the Laurentide Ice Sheet. Geology 42:239–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Syvitski JPM, Praeg DB (1989) Quaternary Sedimentation in the St. Lawrence Estuary and Adjoining Areas, Eastern Canada: an overview based on high-resolution seismo-stratigraphy. Géogr Phys Quat 43:291–310Google Scholar
  45. Tiercelin J-J, Soreghan M, Cohen AS, Lezzar K, Bouroullec J-L (1992) Sedimentation in large rift lakes: Example from the Middle Pleistocene Modern deposits of the Tanganyika Trough, East African Rift Systems. Bull Centres Rech Explo Prod Elf Aquitaine 16:83–111Google Scholar
  46. Trenhaile AS (2000) Modeling the development of wave-cut shore platforms. Mar Geol 166:163–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Trenhaile AS (1978) The shore platforms of Gaspé, Québec. Ann Assoc Am Geogr 68:95–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Tremblay G (1971a) Géologie et Géomorphologie quaternaires à l’Est du Lac-Saint-Jean (Québec, Canada). Dissertation, Université de Paris 6Google Scholar
  49. Tremblay G (1971b) Conséquences géomorphologiques du relèvement artificiel du niveau du Lac Saint-Jean. Cahiers de géographie du Québec 15:115–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Uda T (2005) Spits. In: Schwartz ML (ed) Encyclopedia of coastal science. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 909–912Google Scholar
  51. Wagner B, Aufgebauer A, Vogel H, Zanchetta G, Sulpizio R, Damaschke M (2012) Late Pleistocene and Holocene contourite drift in Lake Prespa (Albania/F.Y.R. of Macedonia/ Greece). Quat Int 274:112–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Wolfe SA (2007) Dune fields/high latitudes. In: Elias SA (ed) Encyclopedia of quaternary science. Elsevier, OxfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexis Nutz
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Patrick Lajeunesse
    • 3
  • Jean-François Ghienne
    • 4
  • Mathieu Schuster
    • 4
  • Etienne Brouard
    • 3
  • Pierre Dietrich
    • 5
    • 6
  • Frédéric Bouchette
    • 7
  • Claude Roquin
    • 4
  • Pierre A. Cousineau
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of GeoscienceAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark
  2. 2.Centre Européen de Recherche et d’Enseignement des Géosciences de l’Environnement, Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, IRD, Collège de France, INRAAix-en-ProvenceFrance
  3. 3.Département de GéographieCentre d’Études Nordiques, Université LavalQuebecCanada
  4. 4.Institut de Physique du Globe de Strasbourg, UMR7516, CNRSStrasbourgFrance
  5. 5.Department of GeologyUniversity of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa
  6. 6.Géosciences-Rennes, UMR6118, Université de Rennes 1RennesFrance
  7. 7.GEOSCIENCES-M, Université Montpellier II et CNRSMontpellierFrance
  8. 8.Centre d’Étude sur les Ressources minérales, Université du Québec à ChicoutimiChicoutimiCanada

Personalised recommendations