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Quaternary Heritage and Landscape in the Témiscouata–Madawaska Valley, Eastern Québec

  • Antoine MorissetteEmail author
  • Bernard Hétu
  • Patrick Lajeunesse
Chapter
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Part of the World Geomorphological Landscapes book series (WGLC)

Abstract

The Quaternary heritage and landscape of the Témiscouata–Madawaska Valley consists of an assemblage of landforms and deposits associated with former stabilizations of glacial margins during the Late Pleistocene development of an ice-free corridor in the Notre-Dame Ice Cap (NDIC), through which Glacial Lake Madawaska developed. This lake occupied an area of more than 500 km2 in the Témiscouata–Madawaska valley from late-glacial times to the middle of the Holocene, depositing a thick series of varves. The contact between Madawaska Lake and the ice margin of the NDIC contributed to the acceleration of deglaciation and the fragmentation of NDIC into two local ice caps: the Lejeune Ice Cap (LIC) and the Pohénégamook Ice Cap (PIC). In the Bas-Saint-Laurent and particularly in the Témiscouata–Madawaska valley, the Quaternary landscape is the product of the coexistence of an Appalachian ice margin and the glacial lake Madawaska.

Keywords

Quaternary heritage Laurentide ice sheet complex Bas-Saint-Laurent Témiscouata–Madawaska valley Glacial Lake Madawaska Notre-Dame Ice Cap 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research project was funded by a NSERC Discovery grant to P. Lajeunesse. The accommodation and logistical support of the Parc National du Lac-Témiscouata was greatly appreciated during field campaigns. Several field assistants participated in field work: M. Boivin, E. Brouard, P.-O. Couette, D. Deschênes, G. Joyal, M. Joyal-Fortier, A.-P. Trottier, and V. Roy

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antoine Morissette
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bernard Hétu
    • 2
  • Patrick Lajeunesse
    • 1
  1. 1.Département de géographie & Centre d’études nordiques (CEN)Université LavalQuebec CityCanada
  2. 2.Département de Biologie, Chimie et géographie & Centre d’études nordiques (CEN)Université du Québec à RimouskiRimouskiCanada

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