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The Concept of an Open Cyber-Physical System

  • Yury S. Vasiljev
  • Violetta N. VolkovaEmail author
  • Vladimir N. Kozlov
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 95)

Abstract

The purpose of this article is the substantiation of the concept of cyber-physical system (CPS) as of an open system with active elements. The development takes place due to the exchange with material objects, energy, information (system openness), the environment and, due to the presence of active elements, which (1) initiate the implementation and interaction of industrial (advanced industrial) and modern information (digital) technologies resulting in a new quality; there arises a law of emergence which is the basement of negentrophic tendencies opposing the law of increasing entropy in closed systems (i.e., the second physical law of thermodynamics), which ensures the development in the open systems theory of L. von Bertalanffy, and (2) maintaining the stability and ability to resist the undesirable results that may arise from simultaneous implementation of heterogeneous innovative technologies. The possibility of using the proposed concept of the CPS as a means for sustainable development of an enterprise is ensured by the fact that CPS is developed not as a separate introduction of technologies, but as a system in which digital technologies have to be included in the enterprise life cycle (in the technological process and organizational management system), and the task is to preserve control functions for the active elements that are part of decision-makers on the selection and implementation of innovations. Developing models for analysis and control the choice of innovative technologies for creating cyber-physical systems for specific enterprises and organizations, we are proposing to use systems theory and systems analysis methods.

Keywords

Innovations Innovative technologies Cyber-physical system Methods for complicated expertise organizing Model Industrial enterprise Industrial revolutions Systems theory Technologies Emergence 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yury S. Vasiljev
    • 1
  • Violetta N. Volkova
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vladimir N. Kozlov
    • 1
  1. 1.Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic UniversitySaint PetersburgRussia

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