Internet Architectures

  • Ali Sunyaev


In order to explain how the Internet works, this chapter takes a closer look at the architecture that underlies the Internet, as well as at its architectural principles and mechanisms. After providing a brief overview of the Internet’s history, this chapter examines today’s core infrastructure and explains the role of Internet service providers. In addition, the essential mechanisms enabling Internet communication are explained, namely the Internet Protocol (IP) suite, IP addresses, the domain name system (DNS), as well as IP packet routing and forwarding. This chapter also explains how large content providers, like Google, Amazon, and Netflix, provide Internet users all over the world with efficient and reliable services by utilizing specialized content delivery networks. The description of four emerging architectural concepts that extend the established Internet architecture with more efficient and/or effective ways of providing innovative Internet services (i.e., software-defined networking, network function virtualization, overlay networks, and information-centric networking) conclude this chapter.


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Further Reading

  1. Berners-Lee T, Bray T, Connolly D, Cotton P, Fielding R, Jeckle M, Lilley C, Mendelsohn N, Orchard D, Walsh N, Williams S (2004) Architecture of the world wide web, vol 1 W3C. Accessed 19 Sept 2019
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  4. Mansfield KC, Antonakos JL (2009) Computer networking for LANS to WANS: hardware, software and security. Cengage Learning, Boston, MAGoogle Scholar
  5. Singh MP (2005) The practical handbook of internet computing. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FlzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  6. Tanenbaum AS, Van Steen M (2017) Distributed systems: principles and paradigms, 2nd edn. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Sunyaev
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Applied Informatics and Formal Description MethodsKarlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany

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