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The Internet of Things

  • Ali Sunyaev
Chapter
  • 73 Downloads

Abstract

Building on the Internet's success story over the past decades, the Internet of Things will profoundly change how people consume information and interact with their immediate environments. This chapter introduces the Internet of Things as a paradigm in which not only human-to-human and human-to-machine communication, but also machine-to-machine communication between smart everyday objects occur over the Internet. Besides a brief definition and overview of the Internet of Things' historical background in the early 1990s, several of its enabling technologies and basic concepts are also covered. Furthermore, this chapter also presents an overview of important architectural models of the Internet of Things put forward by researchers and practitioners. To conclude this introduction, this chapter deals with several common use cases of the Internet of Things, such as smart homes, smart cities, and the Industrial Internet of Things (with a specific focus on the implications for the energy and health care sectors), as well as important challenges to and potential future developments of the Internet of Things.

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Further Reading

  1. Bassi A, Bauer M, Fiedler M, van Kranenburg R, Kramp T, Lange S, Meissner S (2013) Enabling things to talk: designing IoT solutions with the IoT architectural reference model. Springer, HeidelbergCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Carrez F, Bauer M, Boussad M, Bui N, Jardak C, De Loof J, Magerkurth C, Meissner S, Nettsträter A, Olivereau A (2013) Internet of things—architecture IoT-A, deliverable D1. 5—final architectural reference model for the IoT v3. 0. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Walewski_Joachim/publication/272814818_Internet_of_Things_-_Architecture_IoT-A_Deliverable_D15_-_Final_architectural_reference_model_for_the_IoT_v30/links/58f78bf00f7e9bfcf93bde4c/Internet-of-Things-Architecture-IoT-A-Deliverable-D15-Final-architectural-reference-model-for-the-IoT-v30.pdf. Accessed 17 Sept 2019
  3. Cisco (2014) The internet of things reference model. http://cdn.iotwf.com/resources/71/IoT_Reference_Model_White_Paper_June_4_2014.pdf. Accessed 16 Jan 2019
  4. daCosta F (2013) Rethinking the internet of things: a scalable approach to connecting everything, 1st edn. Apress, Berkeley, CACrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gilchrist A (2016) Industry 4.0: the industrial internet of things, 1st edn. Apress, Berkeley, CACrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hassan QF (2018) Introduction to the internet of things. Internet of things A to Z: technologies and applications. Wiley, Hoboken, NJCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Sunyaev
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Applied Informatics and Formal Description MethodsKarlsruhe Institute of TechnologyKarlsruheGermany

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