The Post-Quota Gender Gap: Standard Explanations
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This chapter reviews a number of factors that hamper the recruitment and advancement of women in politics as well as the implementation of quota regulations, more specifically the lack of social acceptance of quotas, influential male networks, persistent gender images and practices, lack of qualified women candidates, shortage of resources, and problems in reconciling political work with family and professional work responsibilities. While these factors are powerful quota inhibitors, the authors claim that they do not fully account for the observed failure my major parties to implement their quotas. Moreover, as these factors play a similar role in both Germany and Austria, they do not account for variation among the two cases.