The Post-Quota Gender Gap: Standard Explanations

  • Petra AhrensEmail author
  • Katja Chmilewski
  • Sabine Lang
  • Birgit Sauer
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Political Science book series (BRIEFSPOLITICAL)


This chapter reviews a number of factors that hamper the recruitment and advancement of women in politics as well as the implementation of quota regulations, more specifically the lack of social acceptance of quotas, influential male networks, persistent gender images and practices, lack of qualified women candidates, shortage of resources, and problems in reconciling political work with family and professional work responsibilities. While these factors are powerful quota inhibitors, the authors claim that they do not fully account for the observed failure my major parties to implement their quotas. Moreover, as these factors play a similar role in both Germany and Austria, they do not account for variation among the two cases.


Post-quota gender gap Quota implementation Political recruitment Male networks Gendered stereotypes Work–life balance Societal change 

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Petra Ahrens
    • 1
    Email author
  • Katja Chmilewski
    • 2
  • Sabine Lang
    • 3
  • Birgit Sauer
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of Social SciencesTampere UniversityTampereFinland
  2. 2.University of ViennaViennaAustria
  3. 3.The Henry M. Jackson School of International StudiesUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  4. 4.University of ViennaViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations