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Linking Features of Genomic Function to Fundamental Features of Learned Vocal Communication

  • Sarah E. LondonEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Springer Handbook of Auditory Research book series (SHAR, volume 71)

Abstract

Learned vocal communication emerges from the coordination of sensory and motor learning, reflects the function of a distributed but integrated neural circuit, and unfolds across several timescales, often occurring in maturing animals. Because nearly all brain organization and function originates from patterns of genomic activation, it is crucial to understand principles of how the genome works in order to understand how learned vocal communication arises. In this chapter, the fact that genome functions have high evolutionary conservation will be leveraged to provide a conceptual guide for how research using a species of songbird, the zebra finch, can deepen and expand clinical findings from humans. Additionally, this chapter provides examples for how studies in the zebra finch can uncover fundamental processes of learned vocal communication that are of value for understanding human speech and language. Examples include the organization of specialized neural circuits, responses to social communication experiences, activation of motor plans, and consideration of how the age and sex of the individual intersect with vocal communication skills, all of which have potential to inform on vocal learning mechanisms in humans. Together, our current state of knowledge advances the idea that humans and songbirds do not simply share superficial parallels; rather, they share deep biological properties to accomplish the complex, multi-level processes required for learning and producing meaningful communication patterns.

Keywords

Behavior Critical period Epigenetics Genome Histone Learning and memory mTOR Neural development Sensitive period Sex differences Song Songbird Zebra finch 

Notes

Compliance with Ethics Requirements

Sarah E. London declares that she has no conflict of interest.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Institute for Mind and Biology, Grossman Institute for Neuroscience, Quantitative Biology and Human BehaviorUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA

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