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Device-Related Infections

  • Paul Renick
  • Liping TangEmail author
Chapter
  • 94 Downloads

Abstract

Device-related infection is responsible for a quarter of all health care-associated infections and can even compromise device function. These infections are caused by the colonization of microorganisms during the implantation processes. Unfortunately, the treatment option for device-related infection is limited. To make the situation worse, some of these organisms form biofilms that cover the device surface notably weakening the effectiveness of antimicrobial treatments. This chapter summarizes our current understanding of the pathogenesis of device-related infection. It also discusses our knowledge of the processes governing the formation, regulation, and resistance of biofilms. Finally, we introduce several new methods developed for diagnosing and treating biofilm infections on medical devices.

Keywords

Medical device Infection Extracellular polymeric substances Biofilm Protein Biomaterials Fibrinogen Implants Hydrophobic Quorum sensing Surface-active compounds Diagnosis 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of Texas at ArlingtonArlingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of BioengineeringUniversity of Texas at ArlingtonArlingtonUSA

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